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Please! rate this essay:To understand the most important characteristics of a society
" To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities"
Each society has its essential characteristics, such as the tradition, technological advances, economic strength, strong army, artistic attainments, and so forth, and some of them are engendered and prevailed in urban while others are popular in rural. Thus, it is could not be correct that studying major cities of societies to trace these features. One could witness modernization of China by studying Shanghai, one could recognize pluralism of United States by strolling in the New York, one could experience rite of a South American tribe in the primitive forest by visiting sacred scene.
The statement is fundamentally correct when it comes to the traditional architecture which is preserved and generated in Western European countries. Style of architecture plays an important role in the tradition of Western European societies. Almost all of the famous and typical buildings have become symbols of many large cities. For instance, Baroque architectures begun in late 16th century Italy, and Les Invalides in Paris France, st Paul's Cathedral in London England, and Church of the Gesu in Rome Italy are outstanding portrayals of Baroque style. The second style of architecture is Gothic, which was flourished during the high and late medieval period. Lots of majestic Cathedral, like the Regensburg Cathedral in Regensburg Germany, Barcelona Cathedral in Barcelona Spain, and Florence Cathedral in Florence Italy, are Gothic characteristic and are still preserved well in metropolis. Last well-known style is the Byzantine, and it gradually emerged as a distinct artistic and cultural entity in Byzantine Empire. Cappella Palatina in Palermo Italy is one of Byzantine buildings. The architectures listed above indicate the historical and religious value of societies they belong to, so if researchers want to understand the characteristics of societies, then exploring the major cities.
However, in Eastern Asian countries many of traditions have disappeared or vanished in the chief cities. When it comes to the traditional architectures a number of distinctive buildings are destroyed by war, city planning, or other clauses. Such as the Yuan Ming Yuan known in world as Old Summer Palace, it was ruined by British and French expeditionary forces during the Second Opium War. Thus, there is little opportunity for people to work over the Old Summer Palace relic to understand Chinese traditional characteristics. On the other hand, Chinese folk art, crafts, and traditional songs burgeon in the countryside rather than cities. Nowadays, it is hard to find craftsman who do Papercutting, play Guqin--a Chinese musical stringed instrument, or equip other traditional techniques in major cities. On the contrary, ironically, the non-traditional songs and art such as the popular songs and oil paintings prevail in the cities. Therefore, one who strolls in a modern gallery could hardly understand meaning of traditional art, and one who watches a stylish singer's concert rarely hear folk songs.
Tradition as a vital characteristic of a society varies from countries to countries, which in West European countries can be understood by studying major cities but in Eastern Asian countries prefer to explore in the rural. Yet, many other aspects can be societal features, such as the people's behavior. As the development of economy people who reside in the metropolis become increasingly efficiency-oriented. In order to pursue profits maximization, factory owner would rather improve his/her installation to produce more; executive would rather expand his/her corporate to complete more projects. So the characteristic that related to economy would be traced through studying large cities.