1. According to the passage, all of the following were benefits of privatizing state-owned industries in the United Kingdom EXCEPT:
A Privatized industries paid taxes to the government.B The government gained revenue from selling state-owned industries.C The government repaid some of its national debt.D Profits from industries that were still state-owned increased.E Total borrowings and losses of state-owned industries decreased.
2. According to the passage, which of the following resulted in increased productivity in companies that have been privatized?
A A large number of employees chose to purchase shares in their companies.B Free shares were widely distributed to individual shareholders.C The government ceased to regulate major industries.D Unions conducted wage negotiations for employees.E Employee-owners agreed to have their wages lowered.
3. It can be inferred from the passage that the author considers labor disruptions to be
A an inevitable problem in a weak national economyB a positive sign of employee concern about a companyC a predictor of employee reactions to a company's offer to sell shares to themD a phenomenon found more often in state-owned industries than in private companiesE a deterrence to high performance levels in an industry
4. The passage supports which of the following statements about employees buying shares in their own companies?
A At three different companies, approximately nine out of ten of the workers were eligible to buy shares in their companies.B Approximately 90% of the ellgible workers at three different companies chose o buy shares in their companies.C The opportunity to buy shares was discouraged by at least some labor unions.D Companies that demonstrated the highest productivity were the first to allow their employees the opportunity to buy shares.E Eligibility to buy shares was contingent on employees' agreeing to increased work loads.
5. Which of the following statements is most consistent with the principle described in lines 30-32?
A A democratic government that decides it is inappropriate to own a particular industry has in no way abdicated its responsibilities as guardian of the public interest.B The ideal way for a government to protect employee interests is to force companies to maintain their share of a competitive market without government
subsidies.C The failure to harness the power of self-interest is an important reason that state-owned industries perform poorly.D Governments that want to implement privatization programs must try to eliminate all resistance to the free-market system.E The individual shareholder will reap only a minute share of the gains from whatever sacrifices he or she makes to achieve these gains.
6. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the privatization process in the United Kingdom?
A It depends to a potentially dangerous degree on individual ownership of shares.B It conforms in its most general outlines to Thomas Palne's prescription for business ownership.C It was originally conceived to include some giving away of free shares.D It has been successful, even though privatization has failed in other countries.E It is taking place more slowly than some economists suggest is necessary.
7. The quotation in line 39 is most probably used to
A counter a position that the author of the passage believes is incorrectB state a solution to a problem described in the previous sentenceC show how opponents of the viewpoint of the author of the passage have supported their argumentsD point out a paradox contained in a controversial viewpointE present a historical maxim to challenge the principle introduced in the third paragraph