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Thread: A RC passage, Question follows....

  1. #1
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    Exclamation A RC passage, Question follows....

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    Passage 45

    While there is no blueprint for transforming a largely
    government-controlled economy into a free one, the
    experience of the United Kingdom since 1979 clearly
    shows one approach that works: privatization, in which
    (5) state-owned industries are sold to private companies. By
    1979, the total borrowings and losses of state-owned
    industries were running at about t3 billion a year. By
    selling many of these industries, the government has
    decreased these borrowings and losses, gained over t34
    (10) billion from the sales, and now receives tax revenues from
    the newly privatized companies. Along with a dramatically
    improved overall economy, the government has been able
    to repay 12.5 percent of the net national debt over a
    two-year period.
    (15) In fact, privatization has not only rescued individual
    industries and a whole economy headed for disaster, but
    has also raised the level of performance in every area. At
    British Airways and British Gas, for example, productivity
    per employee has risen by 20 percent. At associated
    (20) British Ports, labor disruptions common in the 1970's and
    early 1980's have now virtually disappeared. At British
    Telecom, there is no longer a waiting list-as there always
    was before privatization-to have a telephone installed.
    Part of this improved productivity has come about
    (25) because the employees of privatized industries were given
    the opportunity to buy shares in their own companies. They
    responded enthusiastically to the offer of shares; at British
    Aerospace, 89 percent of the eligible work force bought
    shares; at Associated British Ports, 90 percent; and at
    (30) British Telecom, 92 percent. When people have a personal
    stake in something, they think about it, care about it, work
    to make it prosper. At the National Freight Consortium,
    the new employee-owners grew so concerned about their
    company's profits that during wage negotiations they
    (35) actually pressed their union to lower its wage demands.
    Some economists have suggested that giving away free
    shares would provide a needed acceleration of the privati-
    zation process. Yet they miss Thomas Paine's point that
    "what we obtain too cheap we esteem too lightly." In
    (40) order for the far-ranging benefits of individual ownership
    to be achieved by owners, companies, and countries,
    employees and other individuals must make their own
    decisions to buy, and they must commit some of their own
    resources to the choice.



    Question follows...

  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by amit_2000k View Post
    Passage 45

    While there is no blueprint for transforming a largely
    government-controlled economy into a free one, the
    experience of the United Kingdom since 1979 clearly
    shows one approach that works: privatization, in which
    (5) state-owned industries are sold to private companies. By
    1979, the total borrowings and losses of state-owned
    industries were running at about t3 billion a year. By
    selling many of these industries, the government has
    decreased these borrowings and losses, gained over t34
    (10) billion from the sales, and now receives tax revenues from
    the newly privatized companies. Along with a dramatically
    improved overall economy, the government has been able
    to repay 12.5 percent of the net national debt over a
    two-year period.
    (15) In fact, privatization has not only rescued individual
    industries and a whole economy headed for disaster, but
    has also raised the level of performance in every area. At
    British Airways and British Gas, for example, productivity
    per employee has risen by 20 percent. At associated
    (20) British Ports, labor disruptions common in the 1970's and
    early 1980's have now virtually disappeared. At British
    Telecom, there is no longer a waiting list-as there always
    was before privatization-to have a telephone installed.
    Part of this improved productivity has come about
    (25) because the employees of privatized industries were given
    the opportunity to buy shares in their own companies. They
    responded enthusiastically to the offer of shares; at British
    Aerospace, 89 percent of the eligible work force bought
    shares; at Associated British Ports, 90 percent; and at
    (30) British Telecom, 92 percent. When people have a personal
    stake in something, they think about it, care about it, work
    to make it prosper. At the National Freight Consortium,
    the new employee-owners grew so concerned about their
    company's profits that during wage negotiations they
    (35) actually pressed their union to lower its wage demands.
    Some economists have suggested that giving away free
    shares would provide a needed acceleration of the privati-
    zation process. Yet they miss Thomas Paine's point that
    "what we obtain too cheap we esteem too lightly." In
    (40) order for the far-ranging benefits of individual ownership
    to be achieved by owners, companies, and countries,
    employees and other individuals must make their own
    decisions to buy, and they must commit some of their own
    resources to the choice.



    Question follows...
    1. According to the passage, all of the following were benefits of privatizing state-owned industries in the United Kingdom EXCEPT:

    A Privatized industries paid taxes to the government.B The government gained revenue from selling state-owned industries.C The government repaid some of its national debt.D Profits from industries that were still state-owned increased.E Total borrowings and losses of state-owned industries decreased.

    2. According to the passage, which of the following resulted in increased productivity in companies that have been privatized?

    A A large number of employees chose to purchase shares in their companies.B Free shares were widely distributed to individual shareholders.C The government ceased to regulate major industries.D Unions conducted wage negotiations for employees.E Employee-owners agreed to have their wages lowered.


    3. It can be inferred from the passage that the author considers labor disruptions to be

    A an inevitable problem in a weak national economyB a positive sign of employee concern about a companyC a predictor of employee reactions to a company's offer to sell shares to themD a phenomenon found more often in state-owned industries than in private companiesE a deterrence to high performance levels in an industry

    4. The passage supports which of the following statements about employees buying shares in their own companies?

    A At three different companies, approximately nine out of ten of the workers were eligible to buy shares in their companies.B Approximately 90% of the ellgible workers at three different companies chose o buy shares in their companies.C The opportunity to buy shares was discouraged by at least some labor unions.D Companies that demonstrated the highest productivity were the first to allow their employees the opportunity to buy shares.E Eligibility to buy shares was contingent on employees' agreeing to increased work loads.

    5. Which of the following statements is most consistent with the principle described in lines 30-32?

    A A democratic government that decides it is inappropriate to own a particular industry has in no way abdicated its responsibilities as guardian of the public interest.B The ideal way for a government to protect employee interests is to force companies to maintain their share of a competitive market without government
    subsidies.
    C The failure to harness the power of self-interest is an important reason that state-owned industries perform poorly.D Governments that want to implement privatization programs must try to eliminate all resistance to the free-market system.E The individual shareholder will reap only a minute share of the gains from whatever sacrifices he or she makes to achieve these gains.
    6. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the privatization process in the United Kingdom?

    A It depends to a potentially dangerous degree on individual ownership of shares.B It conforms in its most general outlines to Thomas Palne's prescription for business ownership.C It was originally conceived to include some giving away of free shares.D It has been successful, even though privatization has failed in other countries.E It is taking place more slowly than some economists suggest is necessary.


    7. The quotation in line 39 is most probably used to

    A counter a position that the author of the passage believes is incorrectB state a solution to a problem described in the previous sentenceC show how opponents of the viewpoint of the author of the passage have supported their argumentsD point out a paradox contained in a controversial viewpointE present a historical maxim to challenge the principle introduced in the third paragraph

  3. #3


    Good post? Yes | No
    My Answers are as Follows:

    1 D
    2 B
    3 D
    4 D
    5 C
    6 D
    7 E ()


    Pls Post OAs.......

  4. #4
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    Good post? Yes | No
    1.D
    2.A
    3.E
    4 b
    5 c
    6 E
    7.A
    lets look at few questions and explanation..

    3. It can be inferred from the passage that the author considers labor disruptions to be

    A an inevitable problem in a weak national economy --extreme, not related
    B a positive sign of employee concern about a company --out
    C a predictor of employee reactions to a company's offer to sell shares to them--out
    D a phenomenon found more often in state-owned industries than in private companies--this is already specified in the passage ...author cites 'labour disruptions' with some purpose and that purpose is to explain 'privatisation increased productivity as well' ..
    E a deterrence to high performance levels in an industry ...labour disruptions is not part of privatisation(pv) and pv is linked to higher performnace /productivity so you can infer this

    4. The passage supports (answer in the passage itself) which of the following statements about employees buying shares in their own companies?
    A. this option misses the all important word 'eligible' so ruled out

    B Approximately 90% of the ellgible workers at three different companies chose o buy shares in their companies. --clearly mentioned in the passage
    D Companies that demonstrated the highest productivity were the first to allow their employees the opportunity to buy shares.---whether such companies were the first to grant stocks to the employees or second , we can't say ..not supported in the passage

    7. The quotation in line 39 is most probably used to

    A counter a position that the author of the passage believes is incorrect --correct
    E present a historical maxim to challenge the principle introduced in the third paragraph --watch for the signal word 'yet' .. some economists say X but author disagrees with that and uses quotation to support his position ...third para talks of 'reasons of increased productivity', author agrees with this reasoning

  5. #5
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    D A D B C B D OAs please.

  6. #6
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    1 D
    2 A
    3 D
    4 B
    5 C
    6 C
    7 D
    Please post the OAs

  7. #7
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    Here are the OA...
    1 C
    2 B
    3 B
    4 E
    5 A
    6 A
    7 C

  8. #8
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    amit, can you please recheck. they look way off.

    Here are my answers:

    D
    A
    D
    B
    C
    E
    A


    6. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the privatization process in the United Kingdom?

    A It depends to a potentially dangerous degree on individual ownership of shares.
    B
    It conforms in its most general outlines to Thomas Palne's prescription for business ownership.
    C It was originally conceived to include some giving away of free shares.
    D
    It has been successful, even though privatization has failed in other countries.
    E
    It is taking place more slowly than some economists suggest is necessary. [correct]
    [ Some economists have suggested that giving away free
    shares would provide a needed acceleration of the privati-
    zation process.]


    7. The quotation in line 39 is most probably used to

    A counter a position that the author of the passage believes is incorrect
    [s
    ome economists have suggested that giving away free
    shares would provide a needed acceleration of the privati-
    zation process. Yet they miss Thomas Paine's point that
    "what we obtain too cheap we esteem too lightly."]
    [E may be incorrect because author has not introduced any principle here. He stated a suggestion by some economists]
    B state a solution to a problem described in the previous sentence
    C
    show how opponents of the viewpoint of the author of the passage have supported their arguments
    D
    point out a paradox contained in a controversial viewpoint
    E
    present a historical maxim to challenge the principle introduced in the third paragraph


  9. #9
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    3 E

    Agree with borntorun. 3 D is already given, 3 E is implied

  10. #10
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    D
    A
    E
    B
    C
    B
    A

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