tough one ... read it 4 times .
Do not release the OAs quite soon. Lets have some discussion. Can you post your answers with explanations?
From the passage I understand that 14th amendment had some loopholes and because of that some discriminatory practices were still carried. Hence "state action limitation" was later (last para) relaxed.
19 It's close between A and D, I choose A.
Per passage , the author thought that the framers intentionally used the broad language, but framers intention was genuine and not corrupted while framing. So if option A is true, then it implies that framers intent was not genuine and somehow framers knew that the amendment can be cirumvented to continue discriminatory practices.
From the passage, before the doctrine#2:
“private” decisions by owners of public accommodations and other commercial businesses to segregate their facilities are insulated from the reach of the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection under the law.
Per doctrine#2, the "the state action limitation" was relaxed to include private
conduct. So I think A.