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Thread: Sixty-five million

  1. #1
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    Sixty-five million

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    years ago, according to some scientists, an asteroid bigger than Mount Everest slammed into North America, which, causing plant and animal extinctions, marks the end of the geologic era known as the Cretaceous Period.

    A. which, causing plant and animal extinctions, marks
    B. which caused the plant and animal extinctions marking
    C. and causing plant and animal extinctions that mark
    D. an event that caused plant and animal extinctions, and it marks
    E. an event that caused the plant and animal extinctions that mark

    Here is my question: In options E and D, how is the appositive grammatically right, shouldn't the appositive set next to the noun that it's modifying, in this case what is (an event) actually modifying because if it's modifying north america, then it wouldnt be right
    need help plz

  2. #2
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    Imo e

    option E can be a answer.
    Sixty-five million

    years ago, according to some scientists, an asteroid bigger than Mount Everest slammed into North America, which, causing plant and animal extinctions, marks the end of the geologic era known as the Cretaceous Period.

    D. an event that caused plant and animal extinctions, and it marks
    E. [COLOR="rgb(46, 139, 87)"]an event that caused the plant and animal extinctions that mark[/COLOR]
    Correctly mmodifies event and then extinction ..

  3. #3
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    you didnt explain how it is grammatically right

  4. #4
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    Cretarious Period has already ended - past tense, therefore "marks" is not correct at all - present tense. A-D ruled out

    C: slammed and causing are not parallel

    It is difficult to isolate between B and E. But if you closely look, in E- the author talks about an event - but doesn't specify any event (or the name of any event). Thus, the modifier placed is actually a dangling modifier.
    In B, the modifier after comma modifies the verb "slammed", and as per standard written english, any adverbial modifier need not be placed by the side of the phrase it modifies.

    Hence, my answer B.

    What is OA??

  5. #5
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    The sentence should ideally be in past tense but we dont find any option in past tense. Base on this, I say it is being tried to say " an event (which happened/occured in past) marks end of something"

    E. an event that caused the plant and animal extinctions that mark

    "that mark" here we see pronoun which is ambigous. We are not sure what "that" is referring to whether event OR extinctions .

    whereas D doesnt have any such ambiguity.

    D. an event that caused plant and animal extinctions, and it marks

    "it marks"...here "it" is singular ..so it cant refer to extinctions (plural) and ,certainly, is referring to the event.

    So my answer is D.

    Thanks and regards,
    Vivek

  6. #6
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    E is rt.

    Quote Originally Posted by elevinty View Post
    you didnt explain how it is grammatically right

    In option D , the "it" relates to event but this shud point back to Plant and animal extintion which mark the end of era ...

    So , Option E wins here!

    BTW wat is the OA?

  7. #7
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    Quote Originally Posted by elevinty View Post
    Here is my question: In options E and D, how is the appositive grammatically right, shouldn't the appositive set next to the noun that it's modifying, in this case what is (an event) actually modifying because if it's modifying north america, then it wouldnt be right
    It's not an appositive. It's an absolute phrase.

  8. #8
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    E right answer

    Try to read the complete sentence with D..

    Years ago, according to some scientists, an asteroid bigger than Mount Everest slammed into North America, an event that caused plant and animal extinctions, and it marks the end of the geologic era known as the Cretaceous Period.

    Sounds awkward!!
    The referent (the event) of 'it' is too far off with multiple phrases in betwenn, thus making the sentence awkword. 'it' wrongly can also refer to 'asteroid' in this option, rather than to 'the event'

    Option E should be right!

  9. #9
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    E is my answer
    D has a parallelism problem
    whats the OA??

  10. #10
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    E is ok for me to

    but can someone point why not B please

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