There has been much hand wringing about how unprepared American Students are for college. Graff reverses this perspective, suggesting that colleges are unprepared for students. In his analysis, the university culture is largely (i)_____ entering students because academic culture fails to make connections to the kinds of arguments and cultural references that students grasp. Understandably, many students view academic life as (ii)____ ritual.

i) primed for; opaque to; essential for
ii) an arcane; a laudable; a painstaking