17 is probably too old to apply to most US high schools, although I know some private schools will accept you. I'm not sure about all of the United States, but here in San Francisco, I understand that you cannot apply to a public high school as an international student (with an F-1 visa) after you're 18.
For colleges--I think all of the US colleges accept international students. One of the first things you'll need to do is prepare to take the TOEFL, which will test your ability to speak and understand American English.
Let me know if you have any other questions.