IELTS band descriptors are the set of skills which examiners look in your answers. Each component of the IELTS test has some set band descriptors which are used to evaluate your overall IELTS score. In this section, you can get familiar to the IELTS band descriptors for the Speaking test and know which skills to use while answering IELTS questions.
1. Fluency and Coherence
Fluency shows how fluently you can express your thoughts in English. If you can speak clearly at length, without making any logical or grammatical errors or unnecessary pauses, then you can easily get a band 7 or higher in fluency and coherence. Remember, being fluent is not the only thing, you need to be logically correct, and this is what determines coherence, which is whatever you are saying, should also make sense.
2. Lexical Resource
The lexical resource is the range of vocabulary which you use while speaking. The examiner assesses your vocabulary on the basis of what range of words you use in the test. To achieve good scores in the lexical resource, you should include creative and interesting vocabulary in your answers and also, make sure that you don't repeat the exact words used in the question.
Try to paraphrase the words to avoid using repetitive vocabulary.
3. Grammatical Range
Grammar is not only an important writing skill, but it has equal value in speaking component of the test as well. You need to have grammar accuracy in your sentences. Your sentence constructions are only accurate if they are grammatically accurate, which means your tenses, use of parts of speech, active and passive voice in speech, should all be accurate. If your answers don't sound grammatically correct, this would mean that you require a lot of improvement in the English language.
Pronunciation is a prominent speaking skill in the IELTS test. The examiner assesses you on your capability to be able to use different pronunciation features such as individual sounds, stress and intonation and this carries 25 per cent of your total IELTS speaking score. To improve your pronunciation, listen to native speakers online on podcasts or radio, see how they pronounce words differently.
You can get a higher IELTS speaking score when you prepare according to the band descriptors. Make sure to practice for the speaking test with a person so you can improve your frequent errors.
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