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Yoga Taruna

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About Yoga Taruna

  • Birthday 03/01/1969

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    government employee

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  1. :question: Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved the way people live? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. :idea: People’s growing need for practicality has resulted in many innovations, such as those in food preparation. People realize that preparing a meal could be complicated and time-consuming. Therefore, they need an easier and more practical way to prepare food in order to maximize their time and avoid spending too much time cooking. Seeing this need as a good business opportunity, many food producers create the so-called instant or fast foods which take only a little time to prepare. The ease and convenience which these foods offer have made more people rely on such foods and changed their lifestyle. However, some people are concerned whether reliance on such foods improves or impairs people’s life. In my opinion, such foods are not necessarily harmful to us. In some aspects, they can benefit people. For example, instant foods are usually produced mechanically in very large quantity for the public, so that their prices can be lowered as much as possible and more people can afford them. Compare instant noodles with handmade ones. With the aid of recent technologies, those two kinds of noodles hardly have any differences in taste, texture, and quality. However, the handmade ones are usually more expensive due to their more complicated making process. Moreover, in many countries (including mine), the governments have set up strict rules that require producers of instant or fast foods to care greatly about the quality and the safety of their products. As the result, before going on sale, such foods must meet both the safety and nutritional requirements, so that people who consume such foods can not only enjoy the convenience but also fulfill their nutritional needs.
  2. :question: In many developing countries, children work in some form to bring in necessary income from an early age. In the first world, many people think this is damaging and wrong but others would argue that their work brings them a sense of contributing, belonging and responsibility. What is your opinion? :idea: Child workers have long been a hot issue to debate. Pros and contras concerning this issue come up as well. The pros’ side believes that children should be allowed to work and bring in some additional income to help their family financially, provided that they work only under proper management and under strictly special conditions. One of such conditions is that the employer(s) must provide their child workers with healthy and conducive work environment that still allows the children to maintain their physical and mental health, take advantage and enjoyment of their childhood, study, and pursue a better future. Child workers should be strictly differentiated from their adult counterparts. The contras’ side insists that children aren’t supposed to work since work environment is basically suitable only for adults because of its highly competitive and ever-changing nature that children can hardly adapt themselves to, due to their inexperience and naïveté. Such environment can deprive children of the cheerfulness of their childhood. Children should be given ample time to learn, play, and explore their world since they have just started life. They cannot be expected to assume adults’ role and responsibility. Some psychologists state that youths who were deprived of the enjoyment of their childhood will likely grow into immature adults. I agree with the pros’ opinion mentioned above. If managed properly and wisely, working can help children build a sense of responsibility and also give them a good chance to learn. From my observation, I learn that some friends of mine who worked for their family since their childhood grow tougher and more prepared to face the hardship of life than those who didn’t.
  3. :question: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. :idea: Learning process is a never ending process. As long as one lives, he/she always has to learn. In learning process, one needs mentors, tutors, teachers, or the like, who can give him/her guidance, examples, direction, instruction, etc. and can serve as role models. An interesting question then arises: who can teach the best? Many people find that their parents are their best teachers in their lifetime. I agree with them. Here are my reasons, based on my own experience. First, parents are the ones who love and care the most about their children, and thus, the former will always feel responsible for the latter’s future. Every parent intrinsically wants a better future for his/her children and accordingly, always makes the best effort to help them achieve success. Although teachers at schools are well educated and trained to love their pupils, teachers’ love will never be equal to parents’ love. Second, parents are the ones who are closest to their children. They both live in the same house and share the same ups and downs together. As the result, they interact with each other more intensively and more intimately than with any other people. Supposedly, parents know the best how their children behave and what their children want, need, or even feel. Subsequently, parents know the best how to treat and educate their children in various conditions or situations. They can decide wisely what their children should or shouldn’t do. In conclusion, parents are the best nurturers of their children. No one else can assume parents’ position because the bond between parents and their children is unique and stronger than any other interpersonal bonds.
  4. :question: Recent advancements in technology have led to many changes in our daily lives, but some people would argue that we are becoming too dependent on technology and that not all these changes are beneficial. Give your opinion and support your argument. :) Recent advancements in technology have changed our lives significantly. Most noticeably, they facilitate our living, as evidenced by more effectiveness, efficiency, convenience, and ease which result from their proper application. With the aid of recent advanced technologies, difficult tasks can be accomplished in less time with less effort and energy than they were in the past. However, some people are concerned that the convenience and ease that recent advanced technologies offer affect our humanity. Since technology can facilitate almost all our activities, many people depend more on it than on other people. For example, in big cities, real intimate interpersonal relationship seldom takes place because people devote their time, attention, and money more to their computers, smartphones, and the like, than to social activities with other people. Also in big cities, many children and youths prefer playing videogames solitarily to socializing or doing exercises with their friends. We have to admit that in our modern era, technology is indispensable as well as unavoidable. By nature, everyone wants to live an easy, comfortable, and enjoyable life. Technology can help us create such a life. However, too much dependence on technology can impair our sense of humanity and prevent us from living a healthy, balanced life, just as evidenced by some people’s addiction to the latest products of telecommunication technologies which makes them neglect their families and social life. Therefore, to get the best of technology, we have to use it wisely. Facts have taught us that the application of technology can lead to either beneficial or detrimental changes, depending on how we make use of technology. If we use technology for the good of humankind, hopefully it will make our world better. On the opposite, if we use it unwisely and let ourselves indulge uncontrollably in curiosity about the latest technologies, we are heading for our own destruction.
  5. Selamat siang, Pak Mike! :orange: :apple: Sorry for my late response and many thanks for your comments. I find your comments very helpful and I really appreciate them. As a non-native English speaker, I am always tempted to try out words, idioms, phrases, or grammatical structures I am not familiar with, in attempts to vary my English. Sometimes, my attempts end up in good results, but far more often, they end up in awkward sentences or compositions like what you see in my essay above.
  6. :question: The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some people think that your community would be a good place to locate the university. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community. Use specific details in your discussion. :idea: No one denies the importance of education. Therefore, easy access to education should be available to all. In order to carry out a part of its commitment to “education for all”, our government has recently announced its plan to build a new university. Among the first things to be decided is where the university should be located. Some people think that our community would be a good place to locate it. To examine its feasibility, we need to take into consideration both the advantages and the disadvantages of establishing a new university in our community. In my opinion, they are as follows. On the side of its advantages, establishing a new university in our community will make access to higher education easy for us. The nearest university from our community is still a long way to go and not easy to reach. As a result, many of us who want to pursue higher education have to spend a lot of money, energy, and time to reach it. The existence of a university in our community will not only be a great relief for us, but is also believed to create a learning atmosphere for its surroundings, because it will result in intensive interaction between our community and the university’s students. Such interaction will encourage us to learn more. Another possible advantage is that the establishment of a new university will create new jobs for people living in its surroundings. The arrival of many students will create demands for all that students need, such as: new dormitories, restaurants, bookstores, stationery shops, and the like. Response to the demands can mean the creation of new jobs which will benefit the locals. On the side of its disadvantages, establishing a new university will take up a lot of space. It means that we have to turn a great area of our community’s land into university properties. Fortunately, there is an industrial wasteland in our community that our government can turn into university properties, so that we believe that the disadvantages can be minimized. Comparing the advantages and disadvantages above, we believe that establishing a new university in our community will benefit us very much. Not only will it make the best use of the wasteland, but it will also create a learning atmosphere for us and provide new employment. :)
  7. Hi bahramimetal! Thank you for your comment and invitation, but I’m sorry to disagree with you. I have checked my dictionary, searched sample sentences via google, and found that we should use complete sentences when using “the more, the more” rule. Here are sample sentences that I found : The more they resist, the more they divide. (In other words, it can be re-written: They resist more and they divide more.) The more troops they send, the more targets we have. (In other words: They send more troops and we have more targets.) The more you learn, the more you realize how little you know. (In other words: You learn more and you realize more how little you know.) Look at the above sample sentences re-written in other words: They are complete sentences, aren’t they? Look again at my sentence: The higher the quality is, the more successful the nation can be. (In other words: The quality is higher and the nation can be more successful.) These are also complete sentences. Now look at your sentence: The higher the quality be, the more successful the nation receives. (In other words: The quality be higher (not a complete sentence: there must be a modal between “quality” and “be”) and the nation receives more successful (“receive” is a transitive verb, so it must be followed by a noun, not an adjective like “more successful".)) That’s my explanation. I hope some experts or native English speakers will help. Thank you. :):)
  8. :question: Computers can translate all kinds of languages well, so our children don't need to learn more languages in the future. :idea: The advances in information technology have helped us very much and made our duties easier. In the field of language learning only, for example, with the aid of certain software or programs installed in our computers, we can now translate all kinds of languages well. This fact incites a question whether our children still need to learn more languages in the future or not. In my opinion, they still do. My reasons are as follows. Firstly, we cannot depend on computers all the time. Imagine that someday we have to attend an important meeting which many people from many countries attend too. In such a situation, we have to socialize and communicate with each other in a friendly yet convincing manner. We often have to make approaches to make the other guests support our purposes. If we have good command of the languages which most of those present speak, they will get a good impression of us, and it will help our communication. On the contrary, if in such a meeting we depend heavily on our computers for translation, our communication will become very difficult. The other guests will probably think of us as the ones who do not try to be communicative. As a result, our further moves will likely be hampered. Secondly, learning other languages will lead us to learning some aspects of the cultures behind the languages. As some linguistic experts say, a nation’s language reflects their character. Accordingly, never learning any other languages will make us hardly get acquainted with other cultures and, in the long term, will possibly plunge us in a kind of narrow-mindedness or chauvinism. Living in a world inhabited by many nations with different cultures, we are supposed to appreciate cultural diversity and build intercultural understanding. Learning other languages can serve as a good tool to serve such purposes. Therefore, I strongly agree that learning other languages should always be encouraged in our schools. Not only will it enhance our children’s communicative skills, but it will also equip them with a sense of intercultural understanding to live in a multicultural world. In the long term, it will help them build a better world in the future. :)
  9. :question: Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students. Discuss these views. Which view do you agree with? Explain why. :idea: Everyone agrees that education is very important. It plays a crucial role in every nation’s character building. Fact shows that the rise and fall of every nation depends to such a substantial extent on the quality of education the nation provides for its citizens. The higher the quality is, the more successful the nation can be. Therefore, almost all countries in the world make basic and secondary education compulsory, in order to equip their citizens with basic knowledge and skills to survive and live a decent life. No one challenges the importance of basic and secondary education. However, when it comes to higher education, people’s opinions differ. Some people believe that higher education should be available to all students, because it opens many doors to a better future. The higher the education one receives is, the more chances in the future he/she can grab. Since everyone wants and deserves a better future, he/she should be given easy access to higher education. Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students. Their main reason is because higher education is very demanding. Firstly, it is so costly that guaranteeing its availability to all students will burden state finances. Secondly, higher education has many special requirements, especially intellectual ones, which supposedly, not every student can meet. Therefore, higher education is better reserved only to tightly selected students. As for me, I agree with those who support the idea that education in all its levels should be for all. Firstly, denying some students access to higher education will create a kind of discrimination between “good” and “bad” students. In the long term, those who can get access to higher education will likely feel superior to those who cannot. This kind of feeling will be detrimental to the nation’s character building. Secondly, everyone has potential to be developed and cultivated to its maximum. Denying some students access to higher education can kill their chances of such development and can somehow constitute a violation of their rights to a better future. :)
  10. :question: Should criminals be punished with lengthy jail terms or re-educated and rehabilitated, using community service programs for instance, before being reintroduced to society? :idea: It is undoubted that those who have committed crime deserve punishment. However, there are different opinions as for the best way to treat criminals. Some people believe that criminals should be punished with lengthy jail terms, while some others are of the opinion that they should be re-educated and rehabilitated before being reintroduced to society. Logically, the kind of punishment which criminals have to undergo depends on the kind of crime they have committed. The more serious the crime committed is, the more severe the punishment should be. All forms of punishment will serve best if imposed on the right wrong-doers for the right reasons. Lengthy jail terms, as this terminology has clearly indicated, are a form of punishment of high-level severity. This kind of punishment will be appropriate for those who have committed very serious or fatal crime, such as the one which causes death for other people, and for hardened criminals, i.e. those who have repeatedly done crime and undergone corrective programs many times before but are found to be hardly curable. Re-education or rehabilitation will serve well for those who committed crime for the first time and the consequences of the crime are not fatal or very serious. In this case, there are some reasons to believe that since they are not yet so deeply involved in crime, they can still be corrected through re-education or rehabilitation. If they are given second chance to correct and improve themselves, they can be expected to live a good and respectable life after undergoing re-education or rehabilitation programs. In short, no size fits all. Before determining the right punishment for any criminal, those in authority have to take many factors involved into account. :)
  11. Thank you very much, ielts2u (mike?) for your helpful advice. I really appreciate it. Just a little correction for the last paragraph:
  12. :question: The twentieth century has seen great change. In your opinion, what is one change that should be remembered about this century? Give specific reasons and details to explain your choice. :idea: The twentieth century has seen many great changes. In my opinion, one of such changes that should be remembered is the revolutionary change in information and communication technology. This change is worth mentioning because it has affected people’s lifestyle greatly. If distance communication in the beginning of the twentieth century could take long time, in the end of the same century, such communication took only seconds. People living in one side of the world can be immediately informed of what has just happened in the other sides of the world. Some of the effects resulting from such a revolutionary change are as follows. First, this change has accelerated modernization in many parts of the world. The easy exchange of information has admittedly inspired many nations in the world to engage and compete in technological advancement which gradually makes less developed countries have no choice but to catch up with their more developed counterparts, because lagging behind in technology can threaten their survival. Second, this change has promoted openness and transparency. The advent of modern information technology has opened so wide access to information that no government or institution can operate in secrecy any more. In the early twentieth century, due to the technology of that time, information distribution was so limited. Only a few elitist people had access to information, and thus, they could dominate, monopolize, and manipulate information for their own interests. The majority of people lagged very far behind and could only take any information for granted. They had almost no means to verify it and make comparison, and thus, they could be easily manipulated by the elitists. By contrast, in the end of the same century, the flow of information exchange was so overwhelming that it is practically impossible to resist it. As a result, many countries have no choice but to adopt transparency. Third, information and communication technology has enhanced public service. Computerization, one of modern information technology’s products, has transformed the once cumbersome public service into much simpler and more customer-friendly one, saving much more time and energy. In short, the change triggered by the development of information and communication technology in the twentieth century has distinguished the twentieth century from the previous ones. We can see that such a change makes the world seem borderless and tends to merge all its peoples into one big global community, while in the previous centuries, the world seemed divided into parts or groups based on ethnicity, regionalism, stage of development, and so on.
  13. Dear Namrata Arora, Sorry for my late response. I’ve been busy lately. And thank you very much for your encouraging remarks and constructive comments. I really appreciate them. As my fellow learner, you are welcome to give any constructive comments and I can’t claim as well that I’m any better than anyone else in this forum. As a non-native English speaker, I often find myself to be in doubt when trying to use English words, expressions, or idioms which I’m not familiar with. As a result, I rarely try out them and people often find that my vocabulary is only a little more than basic English one. Therefore, I find that your comments really enrich my understanding. We see that there are many ways or expressions to convey the same idea. :) :) p.s. I haven't joined any SKYPE yet for fear that I won't have any spare time to use it.
  14. :question: Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of giving international aid to poor countries. :idea: Giving international aid to poor countries is an internationally common practice. Its main motive is based on moral obligation which stipulates that all fellow humankind should help each other, according to their respective abilities. This practice also has its own advantages and disadvantages. Some of them are as follows. On the side of its advantages, international aid can serve as many useful tools. First, it can serve as additional resources to help poor countries develop themselves. Many poor countries are often found in great need of resources and international aid can give them some relief. Second, international aid can serve as a tool to strengthen international relations. The donors and the recipients will benefit from each other by engaging in mutual coordination. The former usually will require the latter to guarantee that the latter will make the best use of the aid and won’t misuse it, and the latter is bound to pledge commitment to use the aid the way it is intended for. Third, international aid can facilitate technology transfer, especially when the aid is in the form of technical aid by which the donors not only give the technology (in the form of machinery or the like) but also assign their technicians to train or educate local workers to operate it. On the side of its disadvantages, international aid is found to be often misused. By giving the aid, the donors sometimes require the recipients to do something the benefit of which is disproportionately more favorable to the former than to the latter. Many recipient countries have often complained that donor countries are often found to take advantage of them by means of international aid. Sometimes, the aid is given in such a way that makes the recipients ever dependent on their donors. Finding themselves in a “weaker” bargaining position, recipient countries often has no choice whatsoever but to do what their donors tell them. On the other hand, donor countries, well aware of their “stronger” bargaining position, have the chance to make use of their aid as a pressure on their recipients. In my opinion, international aid should continue because it is a part of our moral obligation - one of the main pillars on which our humanity depends. However, to maximize its advantages and eliminate (or at least, to minimize) its disadvantages, ii should continue in good faith and in such a way that promotes mutual coordination and puts both the donors and the recipients in the same level of bargaining position. Giving aid with the real intention of subjecting its recipients is by no means a good deed and can constitute a violation of commonly accepted moral obligation.
  15. :question: Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer. :idea: Living in a neighborhood demands that we have to live with other people around us. Since everyone wants to live a happy and peaceful life, everyone living in a neighborhood surely expects certain qualities of his/her neighbors so as to guarantee that they will live in harmony. In my opinion, some qualities of good neighbors are as follows. First, they should respect us. Imagine that our neighbors are those who are arrogant and tend to underestimate us. Every time we meet them, they often show disrespect. I don’t think we will live comfortably with such people. Second, they should be helpful. Every time we need help, we can turn to them. Troubles or problems can occur at any time unexpectedly. When this really happens, the ones we expect to help us are certainly those who are nearest to us. More often than not, they are our neighbors. Imagine that when we are really in great need of help, our neighbors never show any willingness to help us. We will be upset and think of them as being unsociable or unsympathetic. Third, they should behave well. We don’t expect our neighbors to act so strangely that we feel suspicious or anxious that they will bring troubles or discomfort not only upon themselves but also upon those who live around them. Imagine that our neighbors often go out stealthily in the middle of the night and when asked, they avoid answering or never give any satisfactory answer. We will be suspicious of the possibility that they are involved in any illegal activities and the police can come to our neighborhood at any time unexpectedly, ransacking for them. In general, the qualities I expect from my neighbors are the same as those I expect from good people, such as goodness, kindness, humility, openness, politeness, helpfulness, and so on. Basically, good neighbors are those who can make people around them respect them and enjoy living with them.
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