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Unlike her ________ sister who rarely spoke, Amy was always extremely ________ and chattered constantly.
A. effusive ... talkative
B. taciturn ... banal
C. intransigent ... fascinating
D. innocuous ... garrulous
E. laconic ... loquacious
The correct answer is (E).
There are two clauses in this sentence: the dependent beginning with the word "unlike" and the independent, which begins after the comma. The word "unlike" gives us the clue that the two sisters are very different in nature: one rarely speaks, while Amy talks a lot. The first blank will need a word that means "quiet," and the second needs a word that means "talkative."
Choice (E) is the correct answer because the first word describes Amy's quiet sister ("laconic") and the other describes chatty Amy ("loquacious"). Choice (A) cannot work because it contains two words that both describe Amy, since "effusive" is a synonym for "talkative." While "taciturn" ("quiet") in choice (B) fits, "banal" or "dull" does not. "Intransigent" from choice © does not work in our sentence, and while Amy may be "fascinating," that does not match the definition needed. Choice (D) is not the answer because while "garrulous" does describe someone who tends to talk a lot, "innocuous" means "harmless."
Because she was able to read at such an early age, her parents often referred to her as their _______ child.
Correct Answer: ©
The clue to the correct answer is in the first clause: "because she was able to read at such an early age." We know that the child is unusually advanced for her age, so we need to find a word that means the same thing as "very smart." The correct answer is © because "precocious" means "unusually advanced" or "talented at an early age." The other choices are all words that parents might call their children, but none of them will fit in this sentence since we know the parents describe their daughter based on her ability to read when she was so young.
He gave such a beautiful _______ at his grandfather's funeral that everyone was brought to tears by his touching words.
The correct answer is C.
This sentence is a test of your vocabulary. We know that the grandson did or said something beautiful and touching at his grandfather's funeral, and we need to find the word that defines what that was.
Since (A) "cacophony" is a harsh sound and (B) "caricature" is often an insulting portrait, choices (A) and (B) will not work since we know that the funeral was a "beautiful" and "touching" event. An "elegy" © is a sorrowful speech given at a funeral, so choice © is the best answer so far. While (D) "discussion" and (E) "demonstration" aren't as opposed to the tone of the sentence as other choices, they do not really describe a beautiful thing that is delivered at a funeral. The correct answer then is © "elegy."
Despite Julia's tendency toward ______, her ______ would not allow her to go along with her friends' cheating scheme.
A. hypothesis .. theory
B. pantomime .. longevity
C. acrimony .. adversity
D. compassion .. exasperation
E. conformity .. integrity
Correct Answer: (E)
There are two parts to this sentence: a dependent clause beginning with the word "despite" and an independent clause, which begins after the comma. In order to find the right answer, you first must figure out how these two sentences are related. The first clause has the word "despite," so we know the meaning of the first blank will be different than that of the second. Next, there is some important information in the second clause because we know that Julia would not go along with cheating just because her friends are doing it. This second blank should contain a word that goes along with the idea of having honesty.
You can eliminate © "adversity," which means "misfortune," as well as (B) "longevity" since "lifespan" is not related to being honest. (A) "theory" doesn't really have anything to do with being honest, so we are left with (D) and (E). "Integrity" (E) sounds like the better choice, but first let's have a look at that first blank. The second part of the sentence gives us a bit of clue here as well: Julia would not "go along with" her friends." (D) "compassion" means "caring," but (E) "conformity" looks like it is a much better fit. The correct answer is (E) since "conformity" means "compliance" and "integrity" is "honesty."
In his attempt to ________ himself, the professor claimed that the work of his research assistant was actually his own.
Ask yourself why the professor would pretend someone else's work was really his own. People usually do this type of thing to make themselves look better or smarter, so let's look for a word that means something like that. "Alleviate" and "condone" will not work in the context of this sentence because "alleviate" means "to relieve or sooth" and "condone" means "to approve or pardon."
Choices (D) and (E) cannot be correct because "mitigate" means "to weaken," the opposite of what the professor is trying to do to his career. Meanwhile, "attenuate" means "to prolong" --the professor may be trying to prolong his career, but to attenuate oneself does not make sense. The correct answer, therefore, is (A) "aggrandize" because it means "to acclaim."
Charlotte's __________ nature caused her to bow to her co-workers' every whim and compliment them daily on their appearance.
The correct answer is (E).
Charlotte certainly seems to go out of her way to be nice, so the best way to approach this sentence to find a word that means "overly nice" or something similar.
Because (A) "artless" means "ignorant" or "innocent" and has nothing to do with being "nice," we can eliminate this as a choice. (B) "random" (without careful course of action) and © "fraudulent" (deceitful or dishonest) do not fit her description either. Her compliments may or may not be out of place, which is what choice (D) "anachronistic" means, but we are looking for a word that describes Charlotte's personality as being "overly nice." The correct choice is (E) because "obsequious" means "overly submissive and eager to please," exactly the type of person Charlotte seems to be.
Christine often avoided attending classes by _______ and pretending she had headaches too severe to leave her room.
The correct answer is (A).
It seems like Christine is one who avoids her responsibilities, so let's look for a word that means just that.
(A) "malingering" (which means "evading responsibility by pretending to be ill") looks promising, so don't eliminate this. You can eliminate (B) "fomenting" because it means "treating pain," and we know that she only pretends to have headaches. © "propitiating" means "winning favor," so this is incorrect because it doesn't mean to avoid work. (D) "fawning" or "flattering" can also be eliminated, as can (E) "repudiating," which means "disowning" someone or something. Choice (A), "malingering," is the best answer.
Despite her sweet, harmless facade, she had mastered the art of ________ and was in reality highly _______, earning her a reputation as a backstabber.
A. deception ... respected
B. chicanery ... inimical
C. agreeableness ... sublime
D. latency ... antagonistic
E. equivocation ... dilatory
The correct answer is (B).
Keep in mind that this sentence has two parts: a dependent clause beginning with the word "despite" and an independent clause, which begins after the comma. To help you figure out the answer, you need to decide how these clauses are related. There is a clue in the first part of the sentence, the word "despite," indicating that there is a contrast between the clauses. The second clause also has important information because we know she has earned "a reputation as a backstabber." Therefore, the second blank will be related to "backstabber." The clue for the first blank lies in the phrase "harmless facade," which means she was very good at seeming innocent -- the definition of the word we need for the first blank.
Choice (B) is our answer since we are looking for something that means "deceit" for the first blank ("chicanery" means just that) and a word that is defined as "hostile or unfriendly" ("inimical") for the second blank. Be wary of choice (A) because "respected" will not suit the last blank -- this cannot be our answer. "Agreeableness" in choice © is also tempting if you have skimmed the sentence, but "sublime" means "noble" and makes this choice incorrect. Choice (D) is also wrong because "latency" or "inactivity" does not fit the sentence, although "antagonistic" does fit in the second blank. Choice (E) is not suitable, even though "equivocation" ("duplicity") could work in the first blank, because "dilatory" ("tardy") is not related to hostility or unfriendliness.
The celebrity's ________ personal assistant revealed damaging secrets about his personal life to the tabloid newspapers.
Correct answer: D.
First, ask yourself what kind of person reveals secrets about others, especially for personal gain. Certainly it will be a negative word, so we could look for something that means "disloyal" or "untrustworthy."
The correct answer choice is (D) since "perfidious" means "willing to betray trust," something the personal assistant was willing to do. None of the other answer choices could be correct because they do not match that definition. (A) "diffident" means "timid"; someone (B) "estimable" is of high honor and reputation; © "caustic" is "acidic" (certainly negative but doesn't make sense in the sentence); (E) "erudite" means "scholarly."
The professor's ________ lectures were so uninteresting that they had a ________ effect, causing many students to fall asleep at their desks.
A. lengthy ... esoteric
B. energetic ... hypnotic
C. eloquent ... captivating
D. pointless ... burgeoning
E. monotone ... soporific
The correct answer is (E).
There first part of this sentence, the independent clause, tells us that the professor's lectures were "uninteresting," while the dependent clause (which begins after the comma) gives us the big clue that these lectures caused people to fall asleep. What kind of effect did his lectures have? One that made students sleepy, so the second blank will have a definition that matches this idea. The first blank is a bit harder to predict right now, so let's try to eliminate some answers based on the words for the second blank.
(A) "esoteric" means "understood by only a few," so this doesn't match the sentence (remember, we need a word that means "causing to fall asleep"). (B) "hypnotic" is promising, so don't eliminate this. If the lectures were © "captivating," or really interesting, they certainly wouldn't make people sleep, so eliminate it. (D) "burgeoning" ("growing, flourishing") doesn't really make sense, so eliminate this as well. (E) "soporific" means "lethargic," so you should also keep this choice. As for the first blank, we are left with (B) "energetic" and (E) "monotone" ("uniform"). Which would put students to sleep? An energetic lecture would wake them up, so the best answer is definitely (E).