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  1. Requesting to please grade my essay from 1- 6 and provide effective suggestions. Thanks all in advance. TOPIC: “A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college.” ----------------------------RESPONSE------------------------------------------------ A building which under construction requires a strong foundation to sustain itself. Similarly, the pre-college education institutions have the responsibility of brightening the student’s future and also building a strong foundation for them. The curriculum on which the foundation is to be built varies from f nation to nation, state to state and also within the state as per different educational boards. Having the same curriculum for all students until they enter college will affect the students to a great extent. Each and every region of a nation has a different history(how it is built, the political powers influencing the growth of the region, etc) In India, the Students of one state study about the Mughal emperors, while of the other, study about the great warrior Shivaji or the great politician Chanakya of the historical times. This helps the student in knowing the history of the region in which he/she lives and he will be able to relate to it well. If all the states are bound to study about Mughal emperors, which was prevalent in Northern and Western India, he southern India students, would find it irrelevant and not suiting their culture/regions where they live. The climate conditions, flora and fauna, the nation heritages of each state differ. If this is standardized, it might have below two effects on the student. 1. If the curriculum specifies the geography of only one of the states, then the students outside that state would find it irrelevant to study it. This will affect their grades as they would find it difficult to study due to lack of interest. As it is rightly said, one should avoid rote- learning, rather understanding the subject and studying it will help in achieving better grades. 2. If the curriculum specifies overall climatic conditions of the entire nation, without going in the details, the students will not have in-depth knowledge about a particular region. This makes them master of all, Jack of none. A student of Canada must be well- versed about the extreme winter conditions over there. If he/she doesn’t have in-depth knowledge about the Do's and Don’ts in such conditions, it will affect him to a great extent. The same national curriculum can be advantageous for the institutes since it will generalize the grading systems across the nation. Also the admission process will be streamlined and the students will have similar point of view and opinions in dealing with different situations in college. For students, it would become easy to share their ideas, notes or other study material via the social media which is growing at an accelerated pace. Also when a student has to study in a different state, it would be a piece of cake for him/her to cope up as the curriculum is the same. The concept of same national curriculum is bound to limit the scope of thinking for the students. It will not help in generation new ideas, research etc as compared to the diversified approach. The generalization of the curriculum though advantageous in few ways, will not help in diversity. The diversification is necessary, as variety is the spice of life.
  2. Prompt: Nations should pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state, even if these areas could be developed for economic gain.Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. Economic development relies on the natural resources found in the wilderness. While development of the wilderness is intended for economic gain, overuse leads to negative consequences for both the environment and economic development itself. Therefore, wilderness preservation should be protected by law against harmful economic development. Economic development of the wilderness usually involves significant overuse or destruction of natural resources. A prime example is the rampant deforestation of South American rain forests. In an attempt to boost the economy through timber sales and building developments, the rainforests are being decimated at an alarming rate. While natural resources, such as timber, are considered renewable, large-scale reforestation is not possible when houses and buildings occupy the space where dense forests once grew. Furthermore, the deforestation in the name of economic growth is so wide-spread that regrowth would require hundreds of years. Without proper controls, this type of development leads to continual destruction of wilderness with no replacement of the natural resources. Continual consumption of natural resources may provide short-term economic gain, however, unchecked use will inevitably lead to global depletion of natural resources. Protection of natural resources is important for preventing economic loss. Economic development heavily depends on the use of natural resources. Timber from forests is used for housing; steel for business complexes requires mining from the earth; clothing factories require cotton plants; and global fuel depends on natural fuel reserves. Because economic development demands the use of natural resources, the protection of the land that produces such resources is vital. Deforestation of parts of the South American rainforest for new housing and businesses is only economically beneficial as long as significant areas of the rainforest are preserved. Ideally, tension between preservation and development could be mitigated by encouraging development that retains as many natural land fixtures as possible. Furthermore, protecting areas programs such as areas of intentional reforestation would allow for resource renewal. In summary, economic development is only economically beneficial if restrained from a trajectory of natural resource depletion. Wilderness preservation, renewal efforts such as reforestation, and developments that retain nature are modes by which to promote healthy use of natural resources. Word count: 354 Questions: My ideal goal is a rated 5 essay. How long are essays rated 5 and above? Also, I struggle a LOT with writing intros and conclusions (ESPECIALLY intros) even when I leave both until the last part. Any tips for strengthening the speed and clarity of intros/conclusions?
  3. Hey all! This is my first try at an Issue Task, so any advice or thoughts you could give me would be fantastic. I'm more than happy to read any essays you have as well if you're looking for feedback on your work. Thank you! Prompt: The best way to teach—whether as an educator, employer, or parent—is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Essay: The statement linking effective teaching methodology with exclusive praise demonstrates the insecurity one feels when trying to mentor others, be they children or adults. The assumption, however, that only positive acknowledgement produces a quality learner is flawed as ignoring negative actions will exacerbate inappropriate behavior. Teachers should provide learners with an appropriate amount of both praise for positive action and correction for negative action. Because many parents think their children are angels, teachers fantasize about inspiring and uplifting their students, and employers aspire to train employees to be masters of their fields, they may feel inclined to focus exclusively on praising a learner’s positive actions, either out of bias or fear and guilt in disciplining them. This well-intentioned praise, however, may have detrimental effects on a learner’s emotional stability. Psychological research shows that exclusive praise is parenting can cause a child to grow into an adult who holds feelings of superiority above others and has difficulty empathizing and socializing with his or her peers. If children witness friends being disciplined by their parents and yet experience none from their own family, they may believe that they have never done wrong and because others have, clearly they are superior to their peers. Furthermore, never experiencing correction can cause a person to be unprepared for a reality in which he or she is not the best. If high school teachers, for example, refuse to challenge their students and correct them when they demonstrate poor inquiries, they will enter into college or the workforce quickly realizing that not only are they not the top of their class as expected, but they also lack the skills to advance their knowledge. Additionally, ignoring negative actions silently reinforces the idea that such behaviors are societally appropriate and correct. Children may express harmful ideas that they either absorb through the media or simply do not understand are harmful and erroneous (e.g. that fat people have no will power; that only gay men wear pink; that people of other races are lesser). If a parent or teacher does not specifically address these issues and explain to the child the effects that stereotypes have on the target populations, these ideas will only exacerbate into adulthood. Ignoring harmful ideas expressed when a child is young could lead to that child becoming a self-righteous bully and bigot in adulthood. Proponents of ignoring negative actions will suggest that excessive critique can also be damaging to a learner. It is true that continually facing criticism would be disheartening and discouraging. It is important to note, however, that a balance in teaching is invaluable. Just as an excessive emphasis on praise can be damaging, so can excessive criticism. Therefore, rather than upbraiding or chastising, correction is discussed. Moreover, not every small feat or misstep needs to be addressed. People will benefit from evaluating their own actions, once given the tools by educators, to develop their critical thinking skills and becoming better citizens. It is understandable why many may have difficulty disciplining or correcting learners, as acknowledging negative actions is uncomfortable for both parties involved, but when this acknowledgment leads to discussion and understanding, and is balanced with appropriate praise, a learner can flourish. Both excessive praise and excessive criticism are detrimental to a receiver. Therefore, teachers should provide learners with a just amount of praise for positive action and correction for negative action.
  4. Claim: When planning courses, educators should take into account the interests and suggestions of their students. Reason: Students are more motivated to learn when they are interested in what they are studying. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. Students in classroom have always struggled learning some boring courses, however it's important for them to learn such courses to be successful in life. I believe that it is important for educators to develop courses with a strong view of the future job market and the field of study's needs, however they should also account for student's interests to shape the curriculum, but in a weaker manner. In one hand, proffesors know what is best for their students to thrive out there in the job market, so it is important for students to learn the courses even if they are boring. I can recall when I was a college students struggling in learning mathematics, I always thought they were simply the least useful course a geologist should know, however, later in life I appreciated the professor push on this topic since maths helped me a lot when starting to learn geophysics, subbject I'm developing now at work. So, experienced proffesors have years learning what has been more useful for them and this gives them the right to shape the curriculum of a department. In addition to the experience of the proffesors in the job market, I really consider the experience they can have as educators. Who better than them to know what is the trends of learning a student should follow. Sometimes, students are very excited to learn a new subject that seems really interesting, but, they are not aware that a step-by-step procedure should be followed to ensure a flawless learning. This was the case when in my department everybody wanted to learn sequence stratigraphy, but proffesor Lewis in a wise talk told us "first learn a really solid sedimentology, then you might learn S.E." In the other hand, educators should also listen to student's opinion of what they're intrested in. It is obvious that less than 100% of students will dedicate to industry, there is always a precentage who chooses to develope other types of job like "research" on specific fields. This students can show their interests, for example, in a geology major, imagine that the 10% of them want to develop research in Mars geology, so listening to them would help courses developers to focus more on sedimentology of deserts (Since mars's geology ressemble to deserts) to comply with students interest on these fields. In conclusion, educators that shape the curriculum of study should follow their experience they have had in the job market and their experience as proffesors to shape the curriculum of a major's department, but they should also listen to students who have the talent and desire to dedicate to other matters like research, since they are the future of the development of the X field they are studying.
  5. Governments should invest as much in the arts as they do in the military. Government should invest as much in arts as they do in military. Well, art and military are discordant fields, as one relates to the creativity and beauty and the latter relates to the safety and welfare of the country, so to determine whether government should invest as much in arts as they do in military would require a esoteric study of economic study which relates these two fields directly or indirectly. Although, art should never be neglected and should be promoted with a substantial budget because a country's art depicts the level of creativity and related culture in any country. Some common forms of art are Writing, Painting whereas some unique forms of art can be caricature, calligraphy and other connected to specific domains.Art should always be promoted with a budget, if not equal to, that is competitive with military. Investing money in art would result in many positive outcomes, one of the most important though, would be providing a better platform to upcoming creative artists and to those who want to showcase their work on a international domain.Government should manage artistic events like Art fairs and artists meet where artists from the multifarious domains visit and exchange their ideas withing themselves and public. This exchange of vision and idea will promote art and take that to a better altitude, thus resulting in a better ranking of country within other artistic countries. However, it is important to keep check on the money being thrifty, Investments which are prone to unlikelihood of positive results should be avoided, for example government should not invest additional funds on the art which is overpriced. Such overpriced arts seems great apparently, but they just stem the cash flow as much of the amount is already gone with it. Therefore, government should invest a substantial amount in art, not as much as they do in military. A good amount of investment should be planned which takes care of basic functions required to promote and depict art, along with which induces a motivation for artist to create something new and innovative. A recent study indicates that children living in the Himalayan mountain region in Nepal have lower levels of tooth decay than children living in suburban areas in the United States, despite the fact that people in the Himalayan mountain region in Nepal receive little to no professional dental care, while people in suburban areas in the United States see a dentist an average of 1.25 times per year. Thus, regular dental care is not helpful in preventing tooth decay. This study indicates that children living in the himalayan mountain region in Nepal have less tooth decay than to those living in sub-urban region in the United States. Well this holds true due to cultural difference and type of food intake in both the regions. One factor that could accounted for healthy teeth or lower tooth decay of children living in himalayan mountain region in Nepal could be the wooden stick, commonly known as "Datoon" they use to brush their teeth, which is derived from the plant found only in Himalayan mountain region. "Datoon" is the natural remedy used since ancient times as a brushing and teeth care herb. It is like a small wooden circular rod like semi ductile structure, which upon secretes juices healthy for teeth and gum upon chewing. Another important aspect is the difference in type of food consumption of both the regions. Children living in sub-urban areas of United states are more likely to encounter Junk foods and other soft drinks which in turn causes deleterious effects in teeth, whereas children living in Himalayan mountain region in Nepal mostly eat fresh food and fruits that are abundant in mountain region. Such kind of Himalayan meal helps them to weaken most kind of decay in teeth. Children who live in sub-urban areas of USA visit a dentist an average of 1.25 times per year, a session in which they get a admonishing advice for caring of teeth such as - Brushing them twice a day, using gargles after meals, flossing etc. But a study found that the children living in sub-urban areas have high level of negligence towards self care and rather they consider such advises as mere platitudes. On the other hand, children residing in mountain region are found to be much obedient and thus they are inclined more towards caring about themselves. So it is hard to figure out whether regular dental care is helpful in preventing tooth decay or not. Although regular dental care accounts for some portion of preventing tooth decay, but other factors such as food intake, health awareness and lifestyle also accounts for substantial role in increase or decrease of tooth decay overall.
  6. Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and to disobey and resist unjust laws. Write response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. A cursory glance at the given statement leaves an appealing impression. There is no iota of doubt that just laws should be followed and the unjust ones need to be resisted. But the real problem arises when we wish to answer questions like : who will decide whether the law is just or unjust; what if the law is felt by some people as just and others perceive it as unjust; what if the resistance turns out to be too violent and leads to loss of many innocent lives ? I agree to the fact that extreme laws which ostracizes a section or tries to prove supremacy of one group over another needs to be resisted. But, at the same time, some laws are those which lie in the grey should be left at the discretion of government. First, resisting unjust laws is required for the change in society. Various civil wars are example of it. Civil war in America or Africa; French revolution; Protest against caste system in India and many such examples show that, for a better change resisting against unfair laws and practices is required. In all these examples a certain section of society was being oppressed by those who are influential or those who are in power. All these conflicts have made the laws more just and have brought harmony and equality in the society. While the above argument seems to be very convincing, there are cases where the resistance has given nothing but loss of life and property. Terrorism across the globe is an example of it. For example, there are some, who think that the laws in Kashmir, India are not just. Those perverted people start killing the innocent citizens of India to pressurize the government. This type of resistance has not only made the place virtually inhabitable but also, has resulted in decreased tourism there. And, hence such a resistance is definitely, condemnable. To sum up, I think that protesting against an unfair law is definitely not a bad thing to do, but it should always remain non-violent. Other people would also start to feel about it, if it is actually unjust. After all, all human beings want to live in a harmonious and just society.
  7. “In a recent citywide poll, fifteen percent more residents said that they watch television programs about the visual arts than was the case in a poll conducted five years ago. During these past five years, the number of people visiting our city’s art museums has increased by a similar percentage. Since the corporate funding that supports public television, where most of the visual arts programs appear, is now being threatened with severe cuts, we can expect that attendance at our city’s art museums will also start to decrease. Thus some of the city’s funds for supporting the arts should be reallocated to public television.” The argument draws a tenuous cause-effect relation between public television viewership and arts' museum footfall. The conclusion drawn is thus a blurred one. The author wrongly portends the fall in the attendance of city's museum due to fund cutting in visual arts programs of public television. The author initially claims that 15% hike in audience of visual arts programs and increase in footfall of museum are directly related. A fifteen percent hike may be attributed to increase in overall population of the city which is not at all mentioned in the argument. If the increase in overall population is, say, 30%; then 15% increment is a low one. The increment in footfall of museum- whose percentage is not mentioned- may be due to advertising of arts in print media - papers, magazines, artist columns- or the burgeoning internet access which might have developed a sense of curiosity among the residents about arts. The argument doesn't analyze the other verticals which might lead to an increase in attendance of city museum. Furthermore, it is errant to conclude that if the access to arts program on public television is constricted, the museum will have a decrease in number of people visiting it. If we prudently analyze and interview the visitors of the museum it may more clearly reflect the authenticity of author's surmise. It is most probably that most people visiting the arts museum are art aficionados, ardent admirers of art, relatives of artists, journalists, students of art. To conclude that an individual not even remotely related to arts will end up in a museum after watching an arts program is very unlikely. So, if the people watching the arts program and the people visiting arts museum are not same, then it is of least importance to the museum if the public television curbs its budgets for arts' program. On the other hand even if person is too addicted to an arts' program, and has never visited an arts museum will be raring to go to a museum to satiate his arts' craving once the arts' program is stopped. Thus, increasing the attendance of the museum. The number of students enrolled in an arts program of a nearby university may also play a very important role to examine the argument. An increment in that number from states and countries where such arts program is never aired might counter the argument on its face value. An establishment of a new arts school might also have increased the footfall of the museum. The decision of the corporate is always on the lines of profit and loss they incur. It is very likely that there are more profitable programs than visual arts programs which are forcing them to cut the funding. And hence it might be false that people are actually more interested in arts program than other programs. It will be capricious to buttress the conclusion of the author without looking into the details mentioned above. The increment in attendance may not be totally attributed to the arts program and thus the decrement of it on the basis of cost funding is very improbable. There might be other factors as mentioned above whose interplay may actually increase or even decrease the footfall.
  8. Some people believe that government funding of the arts is necessary to ensure that the arts can flourish and be available to all people. Others believe that government funding of the arts threatens the integrity of the arts. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. Art has been the major critical part of the cultures from the beginning of very primitive societies, and it continued till today. If we look at the very first drawings on the big stones 10 thousand years old, and if we look at the drawings of modern painters we can see that there is very big similarities between these two, which are separated by huge amount of years - to create something beautiful. However, since years has passed number of things are different now than what it was used to be 10 thousands years ago. In today’s capitalist economy, money drives most of the thing and art is also part of this economy. For this reason, it is better that the governments fund the art, so in this money driven world the art would not fade away from our lives. First of all, like I mentioned earlier, in capitalist economy money, creativity and intelligence is the most powerful driving forces. And if we lack one of them we are not going to see any good result in the things we create. Just think about it, in todays advanced technology sky is the limit, and you can create whatever you can imagine. I think this is something amazing to have these kinds of tools. For example, by means of these technology photographers can shoot a photo or record a video of people skiing in big mountains, or producers can produce a music that the tones no one has ever heard before or movie makers can create something amazing that only exists in humans imagination and etc. This kind of technology needs money, and so, if supported by the government the artist can create things that were even unimaginable hundred years ago. Secondly, if government funds the art the more people will consider getting into this field as a future career. Today, compared to engineering or business departments art majors are not getting as much as pay. Since, people can not see good earning in this field they become reluctant to pursue a career in this field. For example, during my undergraduate year in University I knew a lot of people who were really interested in arts but choose to study something different in order to make a good living. By the time they graduated, they only engaged with arts as a hobby. Some were into short filmmaking, some playing guitar, some shooting photos, but none of them were serious about it since they did not see rewarding future in this field. If government supported funding for the arts, more people would be driven to this field, and this will only produce more beautiful art. Of course, some may argue that art should not be money driven or something based on money, it can hurt the integrity of art. They might be right to some extent but let’s do not forget that funding the art does not necessarily mean creating art based on money, or corrupting art with money. We can think of it as a means that facilitates the process of making art. Thus, funding the art will not only make it more beautiful and popular, but it will also make it a lot easier to be created if the funding used wisely and appropriately. In conclusion, despite the fact that funding the art by government is a little bit threat to the integrity of art, I think the art should be supported by the funds of government in today’s world because, if used wisely, funds will only contribute to arts by making it more attractive and dynamic. As I mentioned before, world change and things also change, may be a hundred year ago it would be inappropriate to fund the art by government, but today it is not definitely the same case, and who knows what future holds. It is not certain how the means of creating art will change, however, what is certain the art will be with us even hundred years from now. 665 Words
  9. Topic: A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college A uniform national curriculum in a country with high diversity in ethnics, language or nationality etc cannot be appreciated as learning levels, methods change for different students. Although a uniform national curriculum for students below college would bring easy assessment, grading policy for them but such a curriculum may not be a cent percent fit for any country as some exceptions have to be accounted such as physically or mentally challenged students, student's native language, age & learning capabilities. For example, a country like India where high diversity in ethnics, language is observed it does not makes sense to have a common literature curriculum for all. Also it would be a daunting task for students with disabilities following the same curriculum as they cannot pace up with normal students always. A uniform national curriculum would be good but considering the above exceptions there must be changes accordingly.
  10. Hey, I am currently practicing for my GMAT and wrote this Issue Essay today: Topic: Analysis of an Issue Argument The following appeared in the editorial section of a WestCambria newspaper: “A recent review of the West Cambria volunteer ambulanceservice revealed a longer average response time to accidents than was reportedby a commercial ambulance squad located in East Cambria. In order to providebetter patient care for accident victims and to raise revenue for our town bycollecting service fees for ambulance use, we should disband our volunteerservice and hire a commercial ambulance service.” AWA- Online Essay The argument states that commercial ambulance services willprovide better care and raise revenue over West Cambria volunteerambulances. This does not include some important concern that must beaddressed to substantiate this argument. The statement does not addin to effect potential reasons for the difference in wait time for the twoambulances. This alone does not constitute a logical argument infavor of commercial ambulance services. Firstly, the accident victims may have a longer wait timefor volunteer ambulances because the volunteers may have a shortage ofvolunteers and ambulances available to them. Since volunteers are notpaid, and may lack funds for ambulances, this could cause the long waittime. The wait time has may have nothing to do with the amount of carethe volunteers provide for the victims. The volunteers may even provide bettercare than the commercial ambulance services. If there were more volunteers and West Cambria ambulancesavailable, the accident victims may not wait as long. Secondly, the collective service ambulances may be faster inresponse to victims because the goal may only be to raise revenue for the townby collecting service fees for ambulance use. This is a causality errorsince it may have nothing to do with the amount of care the victims get. Toimprove the justification that collective ambulance services should be used, aninterview process could be conducted on the victims in regards to which ambulanceservice provides the best care. Finally, the long wait time from West Cambria ambulancescould be a result in the circumstances, such as traffic, which would increasethe wait time. This long wait may have been a onetime scenario, however, to improvethe conclusion that collective ambulances are a better choice, there could astudy in the amount of times of wait time. Because the argument leaves out several key issues, it isnot persuasive to use collective service ambulances over volunteer ambulances. If it included the items discussed above instead of solely explaining the longwait time, the argument would have been more thorough and convincing. I am looking forward to reading your comments and feel free to send me your essays so that I can comment on them. Thank you very much in advance- Cheers Chantel
  11. Governments should offer college and university education free of charge to all students. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. Governments have a responsibility to invest in the education of the population for the benefit of the population. However, it is not necessary nor even a good identity to cover the entire cost of post-secondary education. As in Canada, governments do well to subsidize college and university education to a reasonable portion of the cost. To begin with, relying entirely on government funding is likely to reduce the finances of the schools. Without raising taxes, government budgets everywhere are already very tight without room for a huge additional expense. This means less money to compete with other countries for quantity and quality of professors, courses, and facilities. What good is a free education if the education is sub-par at best? When subsidized by the government, schools have obligation both toward supporting government interests of societal benefit, as well as the capitalistic drive to compete and profit, which drives performance and innovation. Furthermore, the huge additional expense to the government will surely take away from other more universally rewarding beneficiaries. Meanwhile, the investment does not benefit all citizens directly. Many people are not interested nor suited for post-secondary education. Taking away from infrastructure and military, for instance, doesn’t help people without children at post-secondary age who have to put up with the potholes and reduced security. If anything, the free aspect will attract many more students who are not committed or just not a good fit for university or college. This will detract from the serious students. Instead, subsidy tempers the obstacle of cost to make it more reasonable, while still maintaining a cost that acts, in a way, as a test of a student’s dedication. That said, some countries have implemented free post-secondary schooling. Education, after all, is a clear contributor to a country’s economy and GDP. Taking away the barrier of cost allows equal access to all. It is a matter of tradeoff. The United States has some of the most expensive schools, but they are also some of the world’s best schools. When a resource is made accessible to more people through government funding, something has to give, whether it be other services we rely on like infrastructure or the quality of the resource itself, or both. Government certainly has a strong relationship with the country’s schools. That is why most government’s fund elementary and secondary school. But should that extend to post-secondary? It would come at significant cost to the quality of the school as well as the other government services losing funding to compensate. As such, it is a more appropriate approach to subsidize post-secondary education rather than funding it completely. We need higher level thinkers and doers developed by higher level education. Beyond our physical health, our personal and societal quality of life depends on mental aptitude.
  12. Topic: Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station's coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level My answer: The inclusion of local & weather news again requires evaluation of the revenues occurred due to featuring national news during the period, featuring local and weather news. There might have been several reasons as to why the television channel has devoted more time to national news at late-night. People may not show interest to hear the weather of already happened day at late-night, or may not want to hear local news that would anyway have no effect as the day passed. Local businesses must understand that the national news program is in no correlation with their advertisements. It is quite reasonable to feature local advertisements during national news. The viewers interested in a broad spectrum of information around the country watching national news may be interested in local advertisements. Thus in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, it requires evaluation of revenues of national, local & weather news separately. Also instead of not completely restoring the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level, a proportionate plan with a mix of national, local and weather news can be telecasted based on revenues evaluation.
  13. Analyze an issue: "The beset way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones." Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. Even though praising positive actions and ignoring negative actions sounds enticing, and maybe even helpful, the overall consequences of ignoring negative actions may have an immense impact on developing minds. Young people need to know the difference between right and wrong, and ignoring negative behaviors will not help guide in distinguishing those differences. There is absolutely nothing wrong with awarding positive behaviors and being generally optimistic, but ignoring negative behaviors could be very damaging to young people. If the consequences of negative actions are not discussed, children may feel the need to do whatever comes to their mind. Throughout grade school educational programs are implemented into the lives of children in order to prevent negative behaviors and actions from occurring. The slogan “saying no to drugs” is persistently repeated to ensure that children know the difference between right and wrong. These educational programs are very beneficial in edifying children’s behaviors. Another very problematic issue with ignoring negative actions is that naïve children may want to explore out of curiosity. If they see negative activities going on outside of school, children may want to participate, considering they do not know the difference between good and bad. To young children these harmful activities may seem positive, especially if they do not have a clear distinction between what is positive versus what is negative. The ability to distinguish between right and wrong will not come if the wrong is ignored. Praising positive actions can of course lead to more positive actions, knowing there is an incentive involved, therefore it can be advantageous. Not discussing the negative behaviors may possibly prevent negative actions from occurring altogether, but there is a slight risk with the developing minds, considering their naïve nature. In conclusion, negative behaviors and actions should always be discussed. When positive actions are praised and negative actions come with consequences, people strive to better themselves in order for the positive actions to outdo the negative ones. Discussing positive versus negative actions is also advantageous for comprehensible distinctions. Thank you so much!
  14. "Important truths begin as outrageous, or at least uncomfortable, attacks upon the accepted wisdom of the time." The above statement considers the important truth as unacceptable to the existing wisdom and terms it as outrageous. It becomes important here to establish what the brand of important truth is. There are several findings that invite scorn from a large part of the intellectual society. The theories and experiments that defy the existing establishments always meet resistance. These truths are important as they bring about a change in the whole perspective and yes they seem somewhat offensive or outrageous. The earth is round was not wholly accepted and the person professing it was sometimes considered lunatic. The sun doesn't revolve round the Earth instead the earth revolves round the Sun (if seen from an inertial frame of reference). These were bold assertions until they were proved by their supporters. They did hit the respect of the accepted wisdom and seemed impossible. Such truth which brings about such swerving of beliefs/concepts is always difficult to assimilate to the general masses and sometimes intellectual coteries. The Illuminatis faced plenty criticism from the religious communities as they opposed their purported god theories by reasons. Such reasons are lambasted first, conjectured second and understood at last. There can be other truths which might be evenly important and face no obstacles at all. Such rare important truths do exist and as our society is progressing towards a more supine nature, these truths are gaining footfalls. A solution to the global warming might be a very important truth, it will initially face mild opposition but will surely sink in if proved to be a potential. A full-proof treatment of refractory diseases as cancer, AIDS etc. will invite lauds from all parts of the society lest after initial doubts. The efficacy of important truths may always be questioned but the eventually it is the significance of it that will remain. These truths are not restricted to experiments, proof, analogies and beliefs, they are widespread and their reactions diverse. In a poor country stricken by debts, which policy shall be framed to the eradication of it? How to tackle bilateral ties? How to resolve boundary conflicts? How to manage a stubborn neighbor? The solution to these problems is sometimes opposed to the general belief. People like Gandhi would profess conciliatory behavior and people like Hitler will adopt aggressive methods for the same problem. Both of these people were mavericks and their ideologies are pondered upon in classrooms of the best institutes. Mavericks always face both criticism and support, thus the important truth they flaunt always has resistance but the magnitude might be different. Truths if important and attacking the existing belief might be branded as offensive and unacceptable by many but there exists some important truths which are not always subject to such attacks. It is the essentiality of the truth which if understood at first-hand face less resistance. The treatment of cancer today holds much more vitality than the earth being round during the Pythagoras period. On the other hand important truths deserve these specious reactions as they must be established, with no stones unturned and the truth must hit the head of the nail to bring out the change in the inertia of our society.
  15. Knowledge is a vast ocean of information, facts, hypothesis, assumptions and other innumerable aspects. How does one then become truly learned? By knowing all this knowledge? It is simply impossible for anyone to achieve all the knowledge that is available out there. Thus one is inclined to think that to be truly learned , one must at least specialise in one the aspects among the vast expanse of knowledge. Consider the area of engineering which has so many sub fields ranging from architecture to telecommunication. Each field with its own area of specialisation. Even if one spends his entire lifetime studying all the subjects of engineering, one would not be able to learn all that there is to learn. And this is only regrading engineering when one wants to be aware of arts, he has to learn about differnt works of art, which is grossly impossible. On the other hand one can specialize in a specific area and then become a scholar in that field. This path is feasible as one can gain knowledge in a relatively narrow field of science or arts and then can use this specialized knowledge to render something valuable in his lifetime that can solve some of the problems or challenges faced by the society rather than try to glean knowledge from every field and in the end spend all their resources on learning rather than contributing anything new to any of the field. Also there is very little interdisciplinary aspects for example there is no relevance between medicine and art. Medicine being engaged in the curing of the diseases and illness has very little to do with art that deals with aspects like paintings, music, literature and many more. It is superfluous for a person practising medicine to have knowledge in literature. One might then argue that knowledge of literature will help a medical personnel to write better journals and thesis. However, basic knowledge of English is apt to write about path breaking research done by specialising in that filed Thus in the bulk of the evidence presented above i stand of the view that one does not become truly learned by exploring the broad spectrum of all the aspects of knowledge but rather by advancing in a specialized study and contributing zealously to that field of studyKnowledge is a vast ocean of information, facts, hypothesis, assumptions and other innumerable aspects. How does one then become truly learned? By knowing all this knowledge? It is simply impossible for anyone to achieve all the knowledge that is available out there. Thus one is inclined to think that to be truly learned , one must at least specialise in one the aspects among the vast expanse of knowledge. Consider the area of engineering which has so many sub fields ranging from architecture to telecommunication. Each field with its own area of specialisation. Even if one spends his entire lifetime studying all the subjects of engineering, one would not be able to learn all that there is to learn. And this is only regrading engineering when one wants to be aware of arts, he has to learn about differnt works of art, which is grossly impossible. On the other hand one can specialize in a specific area and then become a scholar in that field. This path is feasible as one can gain knowledge in a relatively narrow field of science or arts and then can use this specialized knowledge to render something valuable in his lifetime that can solve some of the problems or challenges faced by the society rather than try to glean knowledge from every field and in the end spend all their resources on learning rather than contributing anything new to any of the field. Also there is very little interdisciplinary aspects for example there is no relevance between medicine and art. Medicine being engaged in the curing of the diseases and illness has very little to do with art that deals with aspects like paintings, music, literature and many more. It is superfluous for a person practising medicine to have knowledge in literature. One might then argue that knowledge of literature will help a medical personnel to write better journals and thesis. However, basic knowledge of English is apt to write about path breaking research done by specialising in that filed Thus in the bulk of the evidence presented above i stand of the view that one does not become truly learned by exploring the broad spectrum of all the aspects of knowledge but rather by advancing in a specialized study and contributing zealously to that field of study
  16. Hi, I have written the below issue for GRE awa practice.I know it is very bad but please give me points of improvement and also how much can i expect in gre with this kind of essay. Thanks in advance. Issue topic:As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Technology is an integral part of our lives today. The growing technology has produced some great wonders, which we never imagined were possible a few years ago. It is the human who has developed technology, so I do not agree that technology hinders human thinking ability. The world population is growing at an exponential rate. In order to meet the needs of so many people it is necessary that we become efficient and productive with the limited resources we have. It is technology which has enabled us to be highly efficient in terms of food and shelter. The area of land which could produce 100kg of rice is now capable of producing 10 times more with the help of modern technology. The modern day technology is not only supporting us but also helping us survive. Imagine if we did not have cars, trains or airplanes. How would you travel long distances? You would be confined to a small area. Today we can roam around the world and see places which ancestors never knew even existed. The transport and communication has enabled us to do business on a global level. Our best technology creation, computer has worked wonders for us. Complex calculation, saving information as well as making this information available with just a click is just amazing. It is the humans who have created this new technology to save our lives from dreadful diseases. We try to make our lives as easy as possible and today technology has made this possible in every way. There are two sides to every coin. Technology also has disadvantages. Today the children start using calculators at an early age in school .Even simple calculations which were earlier done manually are now being done on calculators. This hinders the development of the brain. We refrain from walking even short distances which has adverse effects on our health. But these things can be avoided by taking some precautionary steps. Thus, I would conclude by saying that we do rely on technology today but, it does not hamper our thinking ability.
  17. Ocean View’s economy amelioration is naturally tempting Hopewell, a nearby town, but affirming to proceed identically (i.e. building a new municipal golf course and a resort hotel) is not necessarily the best strategy for Hopewell. The author’s recommendation is an interesting alternative to look, however, further analysis is required before making any decisions. Firstly, the author assumes that the two-year economic boost in Open View is enough to the economy’s long term progression. Anything could happen in the following years as market fluctuations are rife, thus, possibly affecting the town. Besides, the apparent economic boost could have been prompted by more factors other than the new golf course and resort hotel, but, clearly, this possibility has not been explored by the author. He mentions the emerging new business as a consequence of the golf course and resort hotel which is not necessarily true. New businesses could have emerged parallel, making it a cause rather than a consequence. One can just not know which came first with the information hereby provided. Additionally, the author clearly believes that the tax revenues’ increase is solely due to the new golf course and resort hotel; just as in the case of new businesses, he ignores supplementary or alternative influencing factors such as the general national’s economy status, the impact of emerging businesses, and other strategies possibly implemented by Ocean View. Secondly, Ocean View and Hopewell do not necessarily share the same marketing profile, meaning that the location, population, environment, and other characteristics may differ. The author does not provide any comparative information. Hence, it is unreasonable to proceed equally without a thorough market study. If Hopewell’s population’s preferences are other than golf and resort hotels, it would be unwise to focus marketing strategies on golf and hotels. For example, if Hopewell’s residents are more passionate about movies and drama, a theatre will be a superior strategy. Learning from other communities’ actions can help to visualize strategies to improve one’s situation. The author has made a valuable and interesting point on an approach that can stimulate Hopewell’s economy. Nevertheless, an exhaustive study of Hopewell’s population and idiosyncrasy has to be conducted before arriving to conclusions. Hopewell has to be conscious of its individuality and, better yet, take advantage of it in order to provide original and best-fitted services to its community. Embracing its own individuality through innovative and unique services can, in fact, augment tourism, in a way that copying its nearby town’s strategy could not.
  18. Hi, everyone. I am considering founding a GRE AWA group through Skype group. Anyone who is interested in is welcome. You can join the group by adding me to your contact. Search for Skype ID: ------------------------- By sending your request of your plea, you have to provide the following information: Name: ------------------- Native language: Russian Age: 29 Target AWA score: 6 Current level (if you took the AWA before): 4 Usual available time: 19:00-23:00 (UTC +7:00) *(Remember to include your timezone here) OK, finally, send your request. We will catch you, and help each other by mutually rating others AWA. CONTACT DETAILS DELETED BY MODERATOR. Please use Test Magic messaging system.
  19. This is my first practice AWA task. Any feedback will be appreciated. As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Here is my response : While technological advances over the last century have catapaulted mankind from the age when Blackberry and Apple were just fruits to present day where they are much more than just fruits,reliying on technology for more and more tasks has deteriorated our ability to think and analyze. It is without doubt that we stand at the acme of our understanding of the world as we know it today. Computers have aided us in exploring the universe. There has been tremendous improvement in medicare over the last few decades. Aircraft have changed the way we travel. The internet has changed the way we access information and connect with people across the world. Flying has become a lot more efficient because of advances in technology. The most far reaching impact that advances in technology has on humans is that it takes the responsibility of doing the repetitive, mundane tasks and free up time for us to think of other more profound and complex problems. But this is where the problem lies. Humans have,over the years, ushered in technology into almost every aspect of their lives to do tasks for them. This leaves little to no task that humans want to perform on their own. This inhenrent tendency to delegate tasks to gains in technology has impaired their thinking. High School students have noticed an average drop of grades in maths due to their perpetual reliance on calculators and internet to complete their assignments. With the rise of the internet, the availability of information has improved drastically. One can access any text, story, or a fact at the touch of a few buttons. This availability of information while good has over the years reduced our information retention capacity. Thus humans spend more time looking up the same thing again. Thus, the advantage of freeing up time from routine, repetitive tasks seems to be lost. Things take a more sinister turn when human lives are at stake. It is no doubt that the introduction of computers in cockpits have made flights much safer and efficient. However, automating the entire job of the pilot makes him less attentive while flying. In the case of Air France flight 447, which crashed over the Atlantic Ocean, pilots were caught unaware of the condition of the plane when due to bad weather, the autopilot suddnely turned off leaving the plane and the lives of 249 people in the hand of a pilot who was caught unaware and could not control the aircraft. The tragedy of the Air France flight 447 is a stark reminder of how technology can impair our ability to think. Thus, while reliance on technology has no doubt improved our way of life and brought about many positive impacts in our lives we must not rely on it for every trivial task we encounter lest, when technology fails, we are caught unaware with no practise nor ability to think and analyse.
  20. Hello Gurus, I will be grateful if you can please review the following essay: "Motorcycle X has been manufactured in the United States for over 70 years. Although one foreign company has copied the motorcycle and is selling it for less, the company has failed to attract motorcycle X customers- some say because its product lacks the exceptionally loud noise made by motorcycle X. But there must be some other explanation. After all, foreign cars tend to be quieter than similar American-made cars, but they sell at least as well. Also, television advertisements for motorcycle X highlight its durability and sleek lines, not its noisiness, and the ads typically have voice-overs or rock music rather than engine-roar on the sound track. Discuss how well, etc." Motorcycle X has been copied by a foreign manufacturer who has been unable to emulate Motorcycle X's success. The author argues that this is because of the reasons of the sound made by motorcycle X, its durability and sleek lines. The examples cited in the passage are weak and do not necessarily corroborate the argument presented in the passage. The passage tries to analyse the reasons for motorcycle X to be more popular than its copied rival but fails to mention some key points. First of all, inherently, a copy means something which is inferior in quality from the original. Society grants any creation, be it in engineering or arts, always tend to give more marks to the genesis and not the subsequent spin offs. That is why although artists round the world have tried for centuries to recreate Da Vinci's Monalisa, there will always be only one Monalisa. Similarly, Rolls Royce in cars have had its fair share of copies, but it is always the authentic Rolls Royce that evoke more emotions among purists, buyers and enthusiasts. This has been overlooked in the author's arguments. Another important factor to consider is also the fact that riders tend to be very loyal to their brands. Harley Davidson riders are renowned for their loyalty and they stick to the brand whatever come may. It is unheard of that they will switch to another brand just because it is cheaper or newer. Motorcycle X has a 70 year history in the country and is quite popular, this can explain why motorcycle X customers have not switched sides for a newer model. Finally, the author argues that there are other factors in making motorcycle x popular and cites certain example in support of that. Although the author is right in principle, but the examples fail to strengthen the argument presented. Cars and motorcycles attract different clientele. Some seek the calm and comfortable interiors of a family sedan, while some prefer the thundering sports cars. However the motorcycle rider always knows that it is a direct interaction between human and machine when they ride. This seems to the charm associated with riding. Thus the noise is definitely an important factor in choosing motorcycles. The fact that the author compares american cars to exotic cars is also off the topic. The Ferraris and the Lamborghinis of this world can rival any cars in the world when it comes to noise. The author also claims that noise is not an important factor as the advertisements for motorcycle X do not emphasize on it. That is also not a substantial argument. We live in an era where any automobile ad must potray how "clean and green" the product is. Thus it necessitates the ad being what they are. In summary, motorcycle X has been more popular than its rival due to a number of reasons. The author fails to mention what they are clearly. The arguments presented by the author don't look in-depth into what makes motorcycle X a success, but tends to superficially mention certain aspects without deep analysis The author, although making a valid point, lacks conviction due to the lack of proper examples.
  21. Hey everyone, I'm planning to apply for PhD programmes, specifically focusing on experimental economics. I've just finished my Masters from a really good Indian university with a GPA of 6.2/9 (it's considered to be a good score here). I just received my official GRE scores and they are: Verbal - 166 Quant - 164 AWA- 3.5 Needless to say, I am very disappointed with my AWA score as it doesn't reflect my writing and analytical abilities. I'm afraid that my score in the other sections will drop if I give the GRE gain as I'm working and I can't allocate much time to studying exclusively. How important is the AWA score in the whole process? Is it possible that my high Verbal score, as well as other aspects of my application can salvage this situation, or should I give the GRE again? I was looking at US schools like Columbia, NYU, Duke, UCSD, UCSB, Pittsburgh, Arizona, Michigan, and European schools like University of Bonn, University of Cologne (I've heard behavioural research scene is very dynamic in Germany), Tilburg, Zurich, Barcelona.
  22. I wrote an essay re "Analyzing an Issue" in 30 minutes while giving a Manhattan Practice Test. I would be really grateful if you could critique it! I will try my best to reciprocate and grade your essay. Prompt: Some people believe that teaching morality should be the foundation of education. Others believe that teaching a foundation of logical reasoning would do more to produce a moral society. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented above. My Essay: Teaching a foundation of logical reasoning is necessary to ensure that people behave morally. A person who lacks the ability to reason logically cannot be depended upon to do the morally right thing, even if his intentions are good. Advances in psychology tell us that humans aren't perfectly rational agents. Aside from committing what are called logical fallacies in reasoning, they are also prone to cognitive biases. Only a person who is well aware of them can be expected to reason correctly. An introductory course in logic includes learning about syllogisms, deductive and inductive arguments, what it means for a deductive argument to be logically valid or sound, and common fallacies. An "ad hominem" attack is an example of fallacy that is not uncommon. It occurs when a person tries to invalidate an argument by discrediting the person who made the argument. It is true that pondering over this can make someone who hasn't taken a logic class realize that there's something wrong with ad hominem. But, there are too many forms of bad arguments and one cannot be relied upon to independently discover all of them or even try to do so. Moreover, cognitive biases like confirmation bias (the tendency to neglect evidence against your position) worsen the situation. Why care so much about logical reasoning in order to produce a moral society? Because what a foundation of morality can teach are basic moral values, like the Golden Rule or do not harm others unnecessarily. In practical situations, what to do must be decided by making arguments where those moral values serve as premises. The various moral systems e.g. deontology and consequentialism utilize this. One form of consequentialism, utilitarianism requires a person to do a cost-benefit analysis of each action he does. If the costs of an action outweigh the benefits, a utilitarian will decide against going through with it. On the other hand, as has been witnessed by humanity, fundamentalists commit atrocities while thinking that they are behaving morally and according to God's instructions. Basic logic, if taught to them, can have gone a long deal to make them realize that their actions aren't really moral. So, I would advocate teaching logical reasoning over morality itself as the basic moral values, if they are to be adopted by a person, are intuitive, thanks to evolution.
  23. The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape. Response: The study of trend of youth to analyse the comtemporary culture in the present context is definitely not the best idea to implement.The society clearly knows that the youth have the most unstable mentality. They are whimsical or capricious, i.e. when they dont like the trend they always go for the ones they favor. These days where technology is proving to be a father of all, these trends can be easily imported from other cultures. So, the imported trends do not clearly represent the contemporary cutlture of the society, infact they mislead.Similarly, many socialist argue in the very notion that the present day youth are the constructor and destructor. They have the tendency of avoiding responsibilities and thus have no respect whatsoever for their own culture. The sense of belongingness, the passion of culture can be sheldom found in the youth these days. So, one cannot say that studying the contemporary culture means studying the youth. In this tech environment, one can easily get influenced ny the culture of foreign nation. They might prefer them rather than their own. There is a nominal portion of youth that gives serious thoughts about the culture that they inherit.But having said that, one cannot deny the fact that more than half of the society is comprised of youth. Once you study the trend of youth, we can easily depict the culture of the society. The youth are the icons for the younger people of the society and those younger people are bound to follow the youth. They set the benchmark for the upcoming youths to follow. Overall, the study of trends of the youth at many times may lead to the successful study of the culture of society but due to the influence of foreign trends in the present context, one cannot predict that for sure. The youths are the building blocks of any society but the culture they inherit doesnot necessarily be obtained from the same society they live.Thus, the study of the trend of youth is an effective way to understand the contemporary cultures if thees trends are inherited from the same culture or else it will do nothing but mislead the study and make it spurious.
  24. Hi , I will be writing my GRE on July and i need a essay buddy. I am targeting score around 5-5.5. Any help appreciated. -Thanks,
  25. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Claim: In any field—business, politics, education, government—those in power should step down after five years. Reason: The surest path to success for any enterprise is revitalization through new leadership Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The establishment of a leader gives the option to this leader to prove himself how competent is, in terms of handling responsibilities. But it is also advised that this position should be renewed once in a while. This is advice is given because there is someone else who can handle the situation in a better way, especially when we living in a world driven by constant change. Although this regime shouldn’t be necessarily every 5 years, it can be increased or decreased. It is well known of kings (and queens) who had reigned successfully throughout many years. However, this isn’t something that always happens. Some kings and queens had been too confident of their position, and that nobody could remove them from there. This confidence lead to show a lack of responsibilities in their duties. This is why democracy nowadays admonishes candidates in giving their best for accomplish goals and bring success if they get elected. Also, being in power for a long term can bring corruption. The persons in power, after several years can start to misuse their positions and execute dishonored actions. We have heard cases in which public money has been spent in luxuries or complete wastes in favor of some obscured organizations. The reelection of a new leader, can counterattack this corruption and bring in honest people who actually acts in favor of the organization is leading. It is true that the world we live in right now is in constant changes, leading to new discoveries and methods. A leader who has been in that position for over 10 years, it is probably not fully aware of all the current innovations that have been happening, as opposed a recent graduate. An IT engineer working at a company for the last 15 years, isn’t likely to have the current updates in technology of a student who just earned a master’s degree in computer engineering. The modern era of this world needs fresh and new minds more often than before. In sum, it is necessary a change in leadership to ensure new ideas and talents can bring the best and success to an organization.
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