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  1. A recent sales study indicates that consumption of seafood dishes in Bay City restaurants has increased by 30 percent during the past five years. Yet there are no currently operating city restaurants whose specialty is seafood. Moreover, the majority of families in Bay City are two-income families, and a nationwide study has shown that such families eat significantly fewer home-cooked meals than they did a decade ago but at the same time express more concern about healthful eating. Therefore, the new Captain Seafood restaurant that specializes in seafood should be quite popular and profitable. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Words Limit 450-600 words Introduction: The following argument is flawed for numerous reasons. Primarliy, the argument is based on a sales study, that the consumption of sea food in bay city has increased rendering the main Point, which is the authenticity of this sales study, and they have not Provided any evidence to support the authenticity of the sales study. Body: Fallacy 1: The argument fails to provide any evidence about the authenticity of the sales study. For one, they haven’t provided any criteria on how they had choosed residents, they might be talking to minority of people who like sea food. This lack of evidence could question the legitimacy of this case study. Moreover, the reason for there is no sea food restaurants are in Bay city area is because majority of the people in Bay city might don’t like sea food. Strengthening the argument: Had the argument provided any information regarding the criteria how they have choosed residents, Even then, the argument would have to further prove that, the majority of people in Bay city like Sea food. Fallacy 2: Moreover, the majority of families in Bay City are two-income families, and a nationwide study has shown that such families eat significantly fewer home-cooked meals than they did a decade ago but at the same time express more concern about healthful eating. This argument also leaves many unanswered questions. Even if the Two income families nationwide significantly eat at fewer house meals, doesn’t necessarily mean that the bay city will also not like Home meals. Nonetheless, they are also assuming that the two income families will also likely to eat seafood, when they will go to restaurants. Fallacy 3: Therefore, the new Captain Seafood restaurant that specializes in seafood should be quite popular and profitable. Finally, the argument claims without warrant that what held 5 years ago will hold true today for Captain Food restaurant. Even if we assume that Two income families would likely to eat outside, the argument is still lacking because it does not provide information to show that the general economic climate will not change. Due to rising inflation they might would not be able to afford Seafood Conclusion: Because the argument makes several unwarranted assumptions, it fails to make a convincing case that People of bay city would likely to buy Seafood from Captain restaurant.
  2. Please guide me and give feedback on my response to the below mentioned argument essay. I need help to understand where i stand and how much improvement is required to get a good score in essays. Topic :- In surveys Mason city residents rank water sports(swimming, boating and fishing) among their favourite recreational activities. The Mason river flowing through the city is rarely used for the pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational activities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason river. Use of the river for water sports is, therefore, sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational activities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Response: The author's argument that the city government should devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational activity needs more information and thought. In the argument the author draws conclusions based on incomplete and vague assumptions. The Author diverts from the actual solution and fails to understand why the demand and craze for water sports have decreased among the residents. The author states that the favorite recreational activities of the residents of mason city is "rarely" to be seen now. This is because the Mason river flowing through the city is maintained. The river is no longer fit to be used for water sporting events because it is dirty. The author says that "little" of the budget is used for it. The term "little" is a vague assumption made by the author and it is not a fair implication of the conclusion. As the river maintenance might not require a lot of money or any more than it has been assigned. It might only require a dedicated team that works on the maintenance of the river. The author concludes that more money should be devoted towards the riverside recreational activities. But according to the assumptions made here, the implication here should have been that more money from the budget should be devoted to the maintenance of the river which in turn promotes riverside recreational activities. The argument could be better concluded by specifying more accurate numbers in case of assumptions on the budget for river maintenance. The author should concentrate on the maintenance of the river instead of promotion of recreational activities. I believe that the author fails to understand the demand and supply needs here as the demand of the water sports will increase only if the supply of clean water is provided.
  3. In last year’s mayoral election in town T, candidate miller led candidate Keating by a substantial margin in the polls leading up to the election. At the last minute, Keating launched a widely viewed series of television that focused on preserving the natural environment of Town T, a topic neglected by miller. Subsequently, Keating won the election by a narrow margin. This year, if candidate Miller hopes to win the upcoming mayoral election, he must increase his coverage of the topic of preserving the natural environment of Town T. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted. The main point of the argument is that keating won the election by last minute initiative which was preserving the natural environment issue. Now come to that point, preserving natural environment was a previous election issue. We can assume that Keating has done something on that issue during his time. If Miller again brings that topic it will be a copycat and keating can take advantages of it. It won't do any good to miller and even backfire miller's election campaign. Another point is that, Keating initiated that issue at the last point and Miller was almost winning that election. It will be a wise decision for miller is that if Miller prepare himself from the first day of the election and leave no space for Keating for any last-minute campaign issue. That should be the best strategy for Miller. Focusing on another subject will be much more astute decision for Milller. Like during keating period what he was lacking to fulfill. Like unemployment problem or housing problem in town T. If keating is unable to fulfill his commitment to preserve the natural environment then, miller should campaign on that issue. But Miller should focus on what's Keating is lack of fulfilling his promises and prepare himself from the beginning should be the basic strategy for Miller. There is an axiom which is 'Slow and steady wins the race.' By not doing previous mistake and more focus on people's popular demands can win Miller this time.
  4. Social service, being a vital character of students, also serves to make him a better citizen of the society. The argument is based on many unwarranted assumptions which if not supported will fail to hold the argument valid. The argument heavily relies on the assumption that all the students will do the community service legitimately and assiduously. Although the majority of the students will be interested in serving the community, chances are good that students who aren't interested in such activities may produce spurious proofs on serving the community. That is, there is no mentioned method to verify if the student has truly engaged in community service and served for the specified duration; so students who are unlikely to be engaged with these social activities may not take part in the service. Had the argument provided a method to verify if the student has truly taken part in community service, it would provide better support to the argument. Another assumption the argument makes is that enforcing the 9 months community service as a requirement for graduation will not affect the students' performance in academics. For instance, consider a below-average student who barely makes it through the examinations. The community service, while making him a charitable and a solicitous member of the society, may well be a hindrance for his performance in academics. Had the college made it optional or reduced the service duration, it would have been better of the below-average students. Also, it would have been better if the college had formed a team, like the Community Service Scheme, involving students who are truly interested in social service, to engage in community service. Also, the argument assumes that all the local charities mentioned in the list will require the help of every student in the college. It is possible that most of the charities are already doing good in terms of man-power and may require other pecuniary support, which is not the aim of the community service rule enforced by the college. Hence, the college needs to make sure if all the mentioned charities need volunteers, which the argument has not mentioned. The argument, failing to provide support for the assumptions on which the argument depends, is pretentious and hence enforcing such a rule will likely fail to serve its purpose. Thank you,
  5. Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Given that baskets similar to those found in Palea village had been found in Lithos, it cannot be concluded that the Palean baskets were not distinctive to the village of Palea. The argument that the lack of proof of a boat is rife with holes to suggest that Palean baskets were not unique to the particular village. The argument mentions the Brim river to be broad and deep without giving any details on the climatic conditions that might have been during the prehistoric times. For instance, if the villages of Palea and Lithos had experienced torrid summers that drained the Brim river leaving it completely dry, people could have easily crossed the river without the aid of a boat. Therefore, this instance gives rise to the possibility of exchanging Palean basket with the people of Lithos. Since archaeologists came to the conclusion based on no traces found of a Palean boat, there might have been reasons for the disappearance of the boats. For instance, if the Brim river was much deeper and had stronger currents compared to today, the Paleans boats might have washed away and no traces are left as of today at those sites. Since the villages were pre-historic, there might have been major floods that had washed down any form of evidence that would lead to knowhow about the boat technology that they used. Another key point that weakens the argument is that we still don't have any notion of whether there were any boats made by the villagers in Lithos. The archaeologists have only sought after Palean boats. There is a possibility that the Paleans didn't have the required boat technology that people of Lithos had developed or even mastered. If there were Lithos boats, people might have used it to visit the Palean land and take some of the baskets with them as memories or souvenirs. Thus, a lack of information about the Lithos people fails to give a complete picture of the society and technological development back then. In conclusion, although Palean baskets had been found in the land of Lithos, there shouldn't be a quick jump to a conclusion based on incomplete facts. The archaeologists should work to discover more about the Lithos people and comparing both of them come to an agreement.
  6. Two years ago, radio station WCQP in Rockville decided to increase the number of call-in advice programs that it broadcast; since that time, its share of the radio audience in the Rockville listening area has increased significantly. Given WCQP's recent success with call-in advice programming, and citing a nationwide survey indicating that many radio listeners are quite interested in such programs, the station manager of KICK in Medway recommends that KICK include more call-in advice programs in an attempt to gain a larger audience share in its listening area. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- The objective of the station manager of KICK in Medway is to gain a larger audience share in its listening area and to achieve the same he has decided to adopt the formula of success that worked for WCQP in Rockville. But there are some demographic concerns that he should consider otherwise his decision might not have the impact that he expected and could rather backfire. Firstly, it is not necessary that interests of the audience in Medway are the same as the interests of the audience in Rockville listening area. The station manager at KICK would need to collect more information about the audiences and interests of the Medway listening area itself. Catering to the needs of the customers is always a great business strategy that seldom fails. Therefore, he should determine whether call-in advice programs is really what the listeners of Medway need. He could also go about ascertaining this by understanding what type of programs have worked for KICK (and other radio stations in Medway) in the past. He would then have a better understanding of what type of radio programs to boost on KICK radio station. Another thing that the station manager at KICK needs to determine is the nature of competitors that they have in Medway and the nature of competitors that WCQP had at Rockville. Since the objective is to increase "audience share" in Medway, this would also depend upon the competition they both have in their respective geographies. It is quite possible that the competition at Medway is fierce and KICK is up against wealthy rival radio stations and therefore, he may not see the same proportion of increase that WCQP did at Rockville. The passage also talks of a nationwide survey that indicated many radio listeners were interested in call-in advice programs. Before trusting the conclusions of the survey, it is important to figure out what type of audience was surveyed, how the survey was conducted and whether the surveyed audience is a representative sample of all the radio listeners in the country. If there was any bias involved, it would be better to only focus on the interests of radio listeners in the Medway area and steer their business strategies accordingly. Every business has its own unique selling point on the basis of which they build and maintain a customer base whose interests are aligned with the kind of programs the radio station broadcasts. They create a brand image in the minds of the people on which they tend to maintain the customers. Also, KICK station will have to hire radio jockeys and experts that would be appropriate and have the required skills for hosting call-in advice programs. These are concerns that need to be addressed before trusting the success formula of WCQP. If the strategy fails and KICK build a negative brand image among the Medway audience, it would deal a huge setback to their business. In conclusion, the station manager at KICK should not trust the recipe of WCQP and the results of national survey. He should consider the demands of their existing customers, interests of the new customers they wish to acquire, the labour costs and their own business plans and branding before going ahead with this strategy.
  7. #argument "An international development organization, in response to a vitamin A deficiency among people in the impoverished nation of Tagus, has engineered a new breed of millet high in vitamin A. While seeds for this new type of millet cost more, farmers will be paid subsidies for farming the new variety of millet. Since millet is already a staple food in Tagus, people will readily adopt the new variety. To combat vitamin A deficiency, the government of Tagus should do everything it can to promote this new type of millet." #Response: International development organization created a new bread millet high in vitamin A to cure its deficiency among people, where farmers are given subsidies for new seeds for increasing production of millet which is already a staple food in city. Creating new seeds high in vitamin A does not give justify that it will eradicate the deficiency in all the people. Because being already a staple food its not necessary that each deficient person would be consuming that food regularly. May be some people do not like that millet in Tagus. So there deficiency will not be cured. New seeds millet bread could taste different compared to already habitual taste of millet bread among Tagus people. Which can also hinder the possibility of eradication of vitamin A deficiency. because those having deficiency may would not like it and will not get cured. Also increasing the production of new seeds with giving subsidies, then may be farmers will start growing new one and those who do not have deficiency have to also consume the new one because its a city staple food. Giving subsidies only to farmer does shows that farmer will start producing those seeds because there production depends on the sale they make. And industries buying old millet seeds have machines and recipes of making old ones. They would not buy new one because they have to spend money for new machines or new production recipes. As government giving subsidies to only farmers but farmer can only grow raw seeds which manufacture require the most. So government should consider the production level of new millet seeds for making bread. so that they can produce products with more vitamin A in it. Arguments also does not address about people with no deficiency as they also have to eat those new millet bread which they don't want also. And may be this can lead to not produce new millet seed by farmers because may be more percentage of people in Tagus city are not vitamin A deficient. which will cause people with deficiency to suffer and government act will not be able to help those people.
  8. The following appeared in a letter sent by a committee of homeowners from the Deerhaven Acres to all homeowners in Deerhaven Acres. "Seven years ago, homeowners in nearby Brookville community adopted a set of restrictions on how the community's yards should be landscaped and what colors the exteriors of homes should be painted. Since then, average property values have tripled in Brookville. In order to raise property values in Deerhaven Acres, we should adopt our own set of restrictions on landscaping and house painting." The following arrgument is flawed for various reasones. Primarily the argument is based on unwarranted assumption that town on Brookville and Deerhaven are same in terms of Georaphy, society etc, rendering its main assumpation that propety rates in Deerhaven will be increased if it follows the footsteps of Brookville. This arugment fails to give any justification that poeple who want to buy propety in Deerhaven will think same as Brookville. There can be a case that buyers in Deerhaven are more concered about the interiors of the house rather than its exteriors. They may pay and exhorbiant price for the interior but will be reluctant to pay the same for the exteriors on which Deerhaven's communities has high hopes. If this arugment has shed light on the views of buyers about the exteriors and till the extent they will like it, then this conclusion would been strengthen . Paragraph never talks about the economic trend in the Deerhaven. If their in and recession going on in this area/country, then poeple will hardly initate property deals as naturally they will think to save money instead of buying property which just has an decorated inetriors. Their can be a case that when Brookvilles plan was successfull, there could be an bloom in financial sectors which motivated people to invest money in property even thought the cost was high. The belife that just making exterior superior and not focusing on other points such as basic amenites, poplution etc in the area in not correct. Even though homeowners of Deerhaven beautify thier exterior, they may not bother to clean maintain their sourroudings. The road network connecting Deerhaven and other major cites/town can be poor or never exist. There may not be good hospitals, public parks, amusment parks, lakes rivers etc which justifies such a high property cost. No the other hand Brookvile may had all this facilites along with polished exteriors and landscapes. If this argument had written about the presence of basic amenties, then stament that, like Brookville, buyers will pay for Deerhaven too was justified. Finally, the point is that, things never be the same after 7 years or after such an long time period. As mentioned above the mind set of people may change and this surely weakness the arugment along with other stated reasons.
  9. Help me in evaluation and I ll evaluate yours as well. After all, by evaluating other essays and trying to find the flaws, it is a good practice that helps us write better essays. :proud: "The market for the luxury-goods industry is on the decline. Recent reports show that a higher unemployment rate, coupled with consumer fears, has decreased the amount of money the average household spends on both essential and nonessential items, but especially on nonessential items. Since luxury goods are, by nature, nonessential, this market will be the first to decrease in the present economic climate, and luxury retailers should refocus their attention to lower-priced markets." The argument that luxury-good industry is on a decline and that luxury retailers should refocus their attention to lower-priced markets is not logically coherent, since it ignores certain crucial assumptions. First, the argument that higher unemployment rate and consumers' fear has decreased the money spent by the average household, assumes that sample factors are not only representative but they also have a causal relationship with the market declination. There is a plethora of factors that should also be considered such as political stability, tax fluctuation in luxury goods, average wage oscillation etc that could cause the same effects. Furthermore, the author provides no real data on the percentage of unemployment rate increment. If the rate is high but the total number of unemployed people is still considered low by the international standards then it cannot be considered a valid argument. In addition, the introduction of "fear" is undefined since there is no justification of what the consumers might fear and can lead to numerous interpretations. Second, the argument, which also sounds like a completely another issue, relating with the definition and the nature of what a luxury-good is, is too abstract to be considered solid. For western civilization, most daily used goods are not considered as luxury goods. In contrast, in underdeveloped countries items like a microwave kitchen, smartphone or even a simple TV are truly considered luxury goods. The author should have set the reference context of this assumption or give a few examples of where a luxury-good refers to. Finally, the argument that correlates luxury-good market declination with the whole economic climate is a flawed analogy assumption. There is not any report of a total market percentage that the luxury-good market actually posses. For instance, the general economic climate could be flourishing while letting luxury-good market in decline. If the luxury-good market owned a large slice of the total market pie then it could be possible that there is a strong trend relationship, a case that we cannot arbitrary assume. This also negates the claim that luxury-good market would be the first to decrease in the present economic climate since there is no obvious correlation. To sum up, the argument is not completely sound. The evidence in support of the conclusion that luxury-goods industry is in decline and that luxury retailers should refocus their attention to lower-priced markets does little to prove that conclusion, since it does not address the assumptions already aforementioned. On top of that, the argument might have been strengthened by pointing out a country or region that the argument is based on, by introducing some concrete reference sources relating to an official market research on the specific industry which proves that unemployment rate and fear are the primary reasons for luxury-industry declination, that luxury-goods are specific items that correspond to a named country or region and a scientific report that bolsters luxury-good industry to be the major economic portion in that country or region.
  10. In a laboratory study of two different industrial cleansers, CleanAll was found to remove 40% more dirt and kill 30% more bacteria than the next best cleanser. Furthermore, a study showed that employees working at buildings cleaned with CleanAll used far fewer sick days than employees working in buildings cleaned with other cleansers. Therefore, to prevent employee illness, all companies should use CleanAll as their industrial cleanser. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted. The author asserts that CleanAll is a better cleanser than the next best cleanser in order to avoid employee illness. In order to support its arguement author has come up with two evidences. Firstly in a laboratory study it was found that CleanAll removes 40 percent more dirt and kills 30 percent more bacteria. Secondly he also supports his arguement by another study which says that employees working at buildings cleaned with CleanAll used far fewer sick days than employees working in building cleaned with other cleansers. However both of evidences are based on several unstated assumptions which render the arguement highly suspect. If these assumptions are do not hold true , than the arguement totally falls apart. Firstly author supports its arguement by using the results of a laboratory study which says that CleanAll removes 40 percent more dirt and 30 percent more bacteria. In this statement the author assumes that for these are the only two criteria to decide which is a better cleanser. However he doesnot involve the criteria which cleanser is safer for the employees. As it is given that CleanAll is more powerful so it is possible that it might be using some chemicals which are lethal to its human beings. And they donot affect human beings instantly may be they work as slow poison, like ciggerate. If it is true than it will badly affect the credibility of author's arguement. In order to support its argument author has come up with another study stating that t employees working at buildings cleaned with CleanAll used far fewer sick days than employees working in building cleaned with other cleansers. Here the author assumes that the number of sick days used directly relate to how often employees actually fall sick. It is possible that the office where CleanAll is used, provides paid sick leaves and in other offices sick leaves are not paid. So in order to avoid salary cut the employees of other office come even when they are sick. Furthermore , the author also assumes that only cleanliness affects the health. He neglects that it is possible that office where CleanAll is not used there water is not purified also the canteen do not take care of proper hygiene which will badly affect the health of employees. If any of these facts found to be true than the authors argument will be weaken. The author has used the study of some laboratory . However there is no evidence that these laboratory are genuine and there results are not biased. It is possible that the laboratory has some alliance with CleanAll and therefore it has given the results will help in increasing the sales of CleanAll. The author has also assumed that the number of proportion of number of employees having chronic diseases are equal in both the offices. It is possible that because the offices where CleanAll is not used have more people suffering from chronic diseases and therefore they take more leaves. The arguement has made several unstated assumption which seriously affects its validity. The author's both evidences are based on several assumptions. Unless, these assumptions are not address the argument falls apart and the claim that all companies should use CleanAll do not seems to be plausible.
  11. Hi all! I'm taking the GRE pretty soon and would appreciate any feedback (and a grade) for my practice argument essay. Thank you in advance! Here's the question.... Many lives might be saved if inoculations against cow flu were routinely administered to all people in areas where the disease is detected. However, since there is a small possibility that a person will die as a result of the inoculations, we cannot permit inoculations against cow flu to be routinely administered. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. And my response... Much evidence is needed in order to evaluate the argument that routine administration of inoculations against cow flu should not be permitted. First, a cost/benefit analysis must be conducted; it is important to know exactly how many lives might be saved if the inoculation were to be routinely administered (i.e. mortality rate from the cow flu when people are not inoculated) and how many lives might be lost if the inoculation were to be routinely administered (i.e. the probability of inoculation-caused death). This comparison concerning the general population might shed some light on the net benefits of the inoculation. In addition to probabilities associated with population-level effects, it is important to delve deeper into what exactly the numbers mean. Are there specific vulnerable populations who are more susceptible to cow flu or more likely to die from the disease? Are there specific vulnerable populations who are at a higher risk of inoculation-caused mortality? Is there overlap between these two groups, or are they distinct (or even mutually exclusive)? If any of the above questions were to be answered, a more targeted approach to inoculation for cow flu could be implemented, saving as many people as possible. Providing the above answers and evidence could be incredibly beneficial to the population generally, but the most efficient and all-encompassing approach would be to examine the inoculation itself. Why do the cow flu inoculations come with a small possibility of death and how can that be fixed? This type of approach can be observed in the formulation of vaccines for the annual flu, which now come in multiple forms (live virus nasal spray and dead virus shot) in order to provide the preventative vaccine to those with compromised immune systems without placing them at risk for getting sick from the vaccine itself. If it were possible to understand the cause of potential mortality related to the cow flu inoculation, it could be possible to develop a better, less risky version of it. It is incredibly difficult to weigh the importance of protecting people from cow flu against the possibility of unintentionally causing death from inoculation. Life is valuable, and preventing as many deaths as possible should be of the utmost importance, especially for those involved in the creation and distribution of preventative measures. In order to make an assessment of whether or not inoculations against cow flu should be routinely administered, all the facts about how many people could be harmed (both with and without the inoculation) and whether there is a safer way to inoculate must be collected and examined altogether. Without this proper, holistic analysis of the issue, no truly evidence-based, ethically sound conclusion can be formed.
  12. I know I need to work a bit of work in this area and I'd appreciate any feedback (and a grade) for my practice argument essay. Thank you in advance! Here's the question.... Several charitable organizations in Pleasantville provide opportunities for teenagers to engage in community service. These organizations have a great need for volunteers, but in recent years, the number of teenage volunteers has significantly declined. The Pleasantville School Board should take measures to increase the number of volunteers. Teachers, parents, and other community members agree that it is important for young people to learn the value of community service. Requiring high school students to engage in community service would provide much-needed assistance to worthy local charities and would also help young people understand the importance of giving back to their community. For this reason, the Pleasantville School Board should institute a program requiring students of Pleasantville High School to complete 40 hours of community service prior to graduation. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. And my response... There are many assumptions associated with this argument for mandatory high school community service. One leap in logic concerns the statement that teachers and parents agree on the importance of learning the value of community service. It is possible that there is research to support the statement and that parent and teacher really do know best for the youth involved (although neither of those things are mentioned here). However, completing required community service does not necessarily teach the volunteers anything about the value of what they are doing. Instead, it is entirely possible that the requirement would be viewed as another homework assignment or worse, a chore to be completed without much thought. If this is the case, students would not be learning anything about the importance of volunteering and giving back to the community. Additionally, a required task may be approached in a lackluster way. If students are forced to complete the task of community service hours and there is no work quality check (and no associated classroom discussion group or introspective aspect), not all the students will necessarily "give their 100%." If this is the case, the assumption that the high schoolers would provide much-needed assistance would not necessarily remain true; some of the high schoolers would be providing less-than-valuable assistance, and they might actually get in the way of passionate volunteers or take up space that could be filled by more helpful workers. If both the above assumptions prove unwarranted, it would seem that instituting a community service requirement could potentially lead to a bunch of disinterested teenagers taking up volunteer spots and learning nothing from the experience. If the assumptions were to prove warranted and the high schoolers and charities would actually benefit from this policy, an additional assumption to address involves the number of required community service hours. How was the number 40 chosen? It is assumed that 40 hours over a student's high school career is enough time to learn the value of community work and have an enriching experience. If the Pleasantville high school is a standard 4-year high school, this means only 10 hours of service are required per year. Training is required for some community service organizations, and consistent help is often harder to come by than the occasional volunteer day. Therefore, those ten tiny hours (less than one hour per month) may not be enough time to provide any real valuable assistance to the charities, and it certainly doesn't seem like enough time for students to gain any real understanding of giving back to the community through volunteer work.
  13. “The Smith Corporation should not be permitted to develop the land that is now part of the Youngtown Wildlife Preserve. This sanctuary is essential to the survival of the 300 bird species that live in our area. Although only a small percentage of the land will be sold to Smith, the proposed development will have disastrous consequences for our area. The company plans to build a small hotel on the land. Although they have promised to ensure the preservation of the sanctuary, there is no way that their plans will do anything but harm the sanctuary. There are no circumstances under which this sale will benefit our community, which relies on tourists who visit.” My Response: Here, the petition is sent by an environmental protection group to residents of Youngtown, not to permit the Smith Corporation to develop the land that is small portion of the Youngtown Wildlife Preserve. In this petition, protection group makes unwarranted assumptions about the impacts and consequences when the land will be used to develop a small hotel. Taken all these assumptions in regard, the argument that the protection group is trying to make, will fall apart, if such assumptions do not hold true. Firstly, the assumptions about the disastrous consequences for the area, that will follow if The Smith group makes a hotel on the small portion of the land, are not underpinned by any facts or figures. The assumptions do not state how hotel building will be deleterious to Wildlife Preserve. Rather, the protection group is firing the shot in the dark. The protection group should inquire about the project of Smith group that how the building will ensure preservation to the sanctuary as such they are promising. The protection group should also inquire about how the sewage system for the hotel will be carried out and how it will not spoil the near Wildlife preserve land. If the Smith group is able to justify themselves by providing cogent explanations how their building will not spoil the near- by land, then the whole argument falls apart. Secondly, without looking at their perspective and analysing, the protection group are clearly indicting the Smith group that their plans will do anything but harm to the sanctuary. This is again the case of unwarranted and unstated assumptions. On what grounds, protection group is accusing the Smith group of polluting the near-by land, is explicitly unclear. If the protection group are making such malicious accusations based on some facts, then they should have been mentioned in the petition. Lastly, assumptions about how the sale will not benefit the community of Youngtown, are also unsupported. Therefore, they cannot demand the people of Youngtown not to permit the Smith group to acquire the land and build the hotel. How this sale might harm the community should been mentioned to get the clear perspective of the protection group. However, there might be case, in future, if Smith group makes the hotel, the hotel can serve purpose to attract more tourists from all around the world to see the sanctuary which is just near by, which in turn can help Youngtown to gain economic and historic status. In conclusion, the petition here makes unwarranted and unstated assumptions that it seriously enervates the argument the protection group is trying to make. Unless these assumptions are addressed properly, the argument in the petition falls apart and which in turn, might not help to convince inhabitants of Youngtown to protest Smith group.
  14. “In a recent citywide poll, fifteen percent more residents said that they watch television programs about the visual arts than was the case in a poll conducted five years ago. During these past five years, the number of people visiting our city’s art museums has increased by a similar percentage. Since the corporate funding that supports public television, where most of the visual arts programs appear, is now being threatened with severe cuts, we can expect that attendance at our city’s art museums will also start to decrease. Thus some of the city’s funds for supporting the arts should be reallocated to public television.” The argument draws a tenuous cause-effect relation between public television viewership and arts' museum footfall. The conclusion drawn is thus a blurred one. The author wrongly portends the fall in the attendance of city's museum due to fund cutting in visual arts programs of public television. The author initially claims that 15% hike in audience of visual arts programs and increase in footfall of museum are directly related. A fifteen percent hike may be attributed to increase in overall population of the city which is not at all mentioned in the argument. If the increase in overall population is, say, 30%; then 15% increment is a low one. The increment in footfall of museum- whose percentage is not mentioned- may be due to advertising of arts in print media - papers, magazines, artist columns- or the burgeoning internet access which might have developed a sense of curiosity among the residents about arts. The argument doesn't analyze the other verticals which might lead to an increase in attendance of city museum. Furthermore, it is errant to conclude that if the access to arts program on public television is constricted, the museum will have a decrease in number of people visiting it. If we prudently analyze and interview the visitors of the museum it may more clearly reflect the authenticity of author's surmise. It is most probably that most people visiting the arts museum are art aficionados, ardent admirers of art, relatives of artists, journalists, students of art. To conclude that an individual not even remotely related to arts will end up in a museum after watching an arts program is very unlikely. So, if the people watching the arts program and the people visiting arts museum are not same, then it is of least importance to the museum if the public television curbs its budgets for arts' program. On the other hand even if person is too addicted to an arts' program, and has never visited an arts museum will be raring to go to a museum to satiate his arts' craving once the arts' program is stopped. Thus, increasing the attendance of the museum. The number of students enrolled in an arts program of a nearby university may also play a very important role to examine the argument. An increment in that number from states and countries where such arts program is never aired might counter the argument on its face value. An establishment of a new arts school might also have increased the footfall of the museum. The decision of the corporate is always on the lines of profit and loss they incur. It is very likely that there are more profitable programs than visual arts programs which are forcing them to cut the funding. And hence it might be false that people are actually more interested in arts program than other programs. It will be capricious to buttress the conclusion of the author without looking into the details mentioned above. The increment in attendance may not be totally attributed to the arts program and thus the decrement of it on the basis of cost funding is very improbable. There might be other factors as mentioned above whose interplay may actually increase or even decrease the footfall.
  15. Hi everyone, I'm new to the forums, I'm going to take my second GRE to apply to grad school as an international student. In my first take, I got a 3 in my AWA section, which is why I want to re-take it and improve it. Any correction, comment or critique is welcomed. Please be strict! The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist. "Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. However, my recent interviews with children living in the group of islands that includes Tertia show that these children spend much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. This research of mine proves that Dr. Field's conclusion about Tertian village culture is invalid and thus that the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid as well. The interview-centered method that my team of graduate students is currently using in Tertia will establish a much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions there and in other island cultures." Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Dr. Karp’s conclusion in his article, about Tertia’s children rearing, claims that his method and results are better than those of Dr. Field, 20 years ago, and thus, invalidating Dr. Field’s research and methods. Meaning that the interview-centered approach that Dr. Karp uses to study cultures in these islands is more accurate to understand the child-rearing traditions of them. First of all, Dr. Karp does not provide what questions he used in the interview with the children. If the questions were about his parents or nuclear family, the answers would be obviously about them, making Dr. Karp’s point stronger, but untrue. He needs to present those questions to see if they were inclined to the parents or were varied. Dr. Karp also fails to support why he says that Dr. Field’s observations are invalid, if the children speak more of their parents, does not mean that the village did not rear the children, when it might just be because the children would be closer to their progenitors. Also, Dr. Karp says that his interview-centered method of research is better than the observation-centered approach that Dr. Field used. But he does not present the possible flaws it could have, such as that in interviews people tend to think more their answers and are affected by the interviewer attitude, while when you observe them, they behave more naturally. If Dr. Karp provided the evidence that observation affects the behavior of the people being observed, and the interviews does not affect the authenticity of their answers, it would make Dr. Karp’s point stronger. Finally, Dr. Karp ignores the difference in the culture of the Island 20 years ago from the one that exists now. Maybe difference in results occurs because the Tertia’s society is very different than it was when Dr. Field made his study. Dr. Karp should consider both approaches in the same research, and compare results to verify if the methods do actually provide different conclusions or if it all was because of the change Tertia’s society suffered over time. In conclusion, when Dr. Karp takes all these points into consideration, one could assume his results are more valid than the ones he originally presented without such evidence.
  16. Hello :) Here's my argument essay response of one of the mock test which I've been giving lately. Would be grateful if anyone could analyze it and provide some incisive feedback. :) The argument: The following is a letter from the parent of a private school student to the principal of that school: Last year, Kensington Academy turned over management of its cafeteria to a private vendor, Swift Nutrition. This company serves low-fat, low-calorie meals that students do not find enjoyable – my son and several of his friends came home yesterday complaining about the lunch options. While the intent of hiring Swift may have been to cause students to eat healthier foods, the plan is just going to cause students to bring their own, less healthy lunches instead of eating cafeteria food. If Swift is not replaced with another vendor, there will be serious health consequences for Kensington students. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the prediction. My response: The given argument talks about a letter written to the principal of the school who has turned over the management of its cafeteria to a private vendor, Swift Nutrition last year. The given letter is an amalgamation of complains, warnings and suggestions. But there are considerate amount of questions that the parent has failed to answer, which weakens the very purpose of the letter. In the former part of the letter, the parent alleges that Swift Nutrition serves low-fat, low-calorie meals that students do not find enjoyable. The parent does so because his son and his several friends came home yesterday complaining about the lunch options. However, the parents fails to mention what was the exact complaint. Was the food not tasty? Or did they not like the aesthetics of the food served? And most importantly, why did this complaint arise after one whole year? Perhaps they didn't enjoy because it was too hot in the cafeteria. Answers to these questions will help the principal of the school understand the dilemma of the students better. Also, are all the students having the same opinion about the food? If so, then the parent needs to provide evidence to bolster his claims. A survey result may help to support the his claim. Further in the letter, the parent posits that serving food which students don't enjoy will cause them to bring their own lunch, which is less healthy. Now, the statement itself may seem preposterous to the principal. He may think that how can a home-made lunch be less healthy? The intend of the parent is not lucid in this statement and he needs to provide specific insight on this claim. Does the parent mean that the lunch will lose its nutritious value? If yes, then that needs to be mentioned. Lastly, the parent says that if Swift is not replaced with another vendor, there will be serious health consequences for Kensington students. Again, on what basis is this statement made? Is there a past record of Swift where its consumers have been faced with serious consequences? If yes, then what's the source? Is it veritable? The given letter, while expressing concerns for the students, lack the ability to answer some serious questions. These questions need to be answered in order to falsify the decision of switching to Swift Nutrition. It also needs to posit various evidences to buttress the claims of the parent. Without these answers and evidences, it is very difficult to evaluate the prediction.
  17. The following appeared in a letter to the school board in the town of Centerville. "All students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. In the past two years, several accidents in and around Centerville have involved teenage drivers. Since a number of parents in Centerville have compalined that they are too busy to teach their teenagers to drive, some other instruction is necessary to ensure that these teenagers are safe drivers. Although there are two driving schools in Centerville,parents on a tight budget cannot afford to pay for driving instruction. Therefore an effective and mandatory program sponsored by the high school is the only solution to this serious problem." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strentghthen the argument. The argument that a mandatory driver’s education program will reduce the accidents may seem plausible at first glance. It states that majority of the accidents involve teenagers and unless these are given proper training the number of accidents won’t reduce. However, considering all the facts mentioned in the argument the conclusion relies on assumptions for which there is no evidence and fails to convince. Firstly, author assumes that teenagers who drive haven’t gone through proper driving programs and hence the reason for the accidents. He states that in the past two years there has been involvement of teenagers in several accidents. This doesn’t imply that these teenagers haven’t been through a driving program neither they are rash drivers. If several accidents involved teenagers doesn’t mean that they were the only reason for the accidents, there might be other reasons for the accidents. For example, damaged roads could have been of the reasons. Secondly the author mentions that there have been complaints from the parents that they don’t have enough time to teach their children how to drive. He assumes that since parents do not have time to give proper guidance and teach their children how to drive implies that they aren’t safe drivers. There could be other ways of learning how to drive and that children would have opted those methods since their parents lacked enough time to teach them. Learning from a friend who knows how to drive and taking right guidance or maybe taking lessons from someone who has taken up driving classes. Though the other methods aren’t as reliable as that one would get from parents but they are the alternatives one considers if there isn’t any option. Thirdly he also states that parents with tight budget cannot afford to send their children to proper driving schools. He fails to take the other methods of learning how to drive under consideration as mentioned above. It is mentioned that a mandatory program sponsored by school will be a solution to the problem. But this could cause a waste of time for students who already know how to drive or who have been through the training program or those who could afford the training programs. If teenagers were involved in the accident, there isn’t any evidence that these teenagers were the students of Centerville High school. Hence this means that if only few out of the many involved belonged to this school doesn’t imply that the training program should be mandatory. In conclusion, all the factors regarding what are the main reasons behind the accidents should be considered and whether the training program can resolve the issue of the accidents and reduce the number of accidents isn’t clearly stated. The argument would be strengthened if above mentioned factors are taken into consideration. Please evaluate and guide me as to how much this essay would be graded. Thank you in advance.
  18. The following appeared as part of an article in the travel section of a newspaper: “Over the past decade, the restaurant industry in the country of Spiessa has experienced unprecedented growth. This surge can be expected to continue in the coming years, fueled by recent social changes: personal incomes are rising, more leisure time is available, single-person households are more common, and people have a greater interest in gourmet food, as evidenced by a proliferation of publications on the subject.” Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. The article links the growth in restaurant industry in the country of Speissa to other important factors in the economy. The articles goes on to predict the continued growth on those factors for example: social changes like personal income rise, single person household getting increased and people having a greater interest in gourmet food, as evidenced by new publications on the subject, but the article fails to connect the cause and effect for the conclusion. Also the article fails to hold the ground that the expected changes are going to continue in the future. Firstly, The article did not mention the cause of surge in the restaurant industry for the last decade. It could be from tourism where the tourists from around the world contributed in restaurant surge and it might be over as some other place has been discovered. It could also be that government had a subsidy for entrepreneurs for restaurant business, which is why there was a surge rather than any of the mentioned reason. The article fails to make a direct relation between the conclusion to the various macro events going in the economy. Secondly, the author’s mention of social changes like publication of gourmet food publication could be because people had more free time and they want to make different and gourmet food themselves. This could be a reason for increased publication and not because people want to eat out. The article also fails to mention if the restaurant serve everyday menu, local or gourmet dishes as if the restaurants don’t serve gourmet food then again the publication of gourmet food articles is for other reasons than liked with surge in restaurant s in S. To summarize, the articles fails to connect the various reason to the conclusion directly so the argument could be substantiated. Lack of concrete evidence makes the argument flawed and the conclusion is unacceptable.
  19. Please rate my argument essay. The writing was timed and took 30 minutes. Thanks in advance. The prompt: The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. “Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station’s coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level.” Write a response in which you: discuss what specific evidence would needed in order to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. My response: The business manager of the television station has decided to restore the allocated time for broadcasting news and weather reports based on some apparently convincing reasons. In my opinion, the reasons are not strong enough to make such a decision. Firstly, let me bring the issue of complaints from the audience regarding the coverage of news and weather reports. This is not clear from the paragraph containing this concern that the complaint expresses the viewers discontent about increased amount of local news. The viewers might not be satisfied with the monotony of presentation style of the news. This might be the case that the viewers do like the local news segment but they need variety and more life in presenting the news. That is why, the manager should have dig more on the type of complaint regarding the news. Was it about the increased amount or the style in boring, same type of merely reading out the script of the news? Next, come to the point of cancelling the contracts by the local businesses. I am not convinced that the cancellation is because the reduced number of viewers who are apparently dissatisfied in the change in news and weather coverage. There might be some disagreements about monetary terms behind that cancellation of contracts. Again, there might be some more channels started broadcasting that year and the local businesses might opt for the new stations. This might also be the cause of contract cancellations. So, it would not be correct to assume the changed amount of news and weather coverage to be the only cause of cancellation of contract. Again, it is not clear whether the viewers complained about the reduced time for weather reports. They might complain about the inaccuracy of the stations weather report for the previous day. For that reason, why not considering this case before making such a drastic decision of changing the stations late night weather and news coverage? In conclusion, It can be said that there was not enough evidence for the business manager of the TV station to make a judgment about the viewers demand and choice. There are other possible alternative explanations for the events that occurred as a result of changing the time for weather and news coverage. So, in my judgement the alternative explanations presented in the previous paragraphs make the argument weak when it comes to the decision of the manager.
  20. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. While Mason City residents want the city to pay for more river maintenance, the author’s argument is flawed because he or she assumes river activities will increase once the water is cleaner. Although it’s easy to see why residents want cleaner water, it does not mean the city should necessarily increase spending on water maintenance. The author assumes that the city is not spending enough money for recreational facilities. What constitutes as “enough money?” In order to prove this assumption, the author should mention the amount of money the city government should spend and mention how much the government actually spent. The author should also mention the city’s budget for maintaining facilities. Not only should the argument list the government’s budget, but it should also release the results of the survey taken by the Mason City residents. The argument generalizes the results by saying most Mason City residents rank water sports as their most favorite recreational activities. The argument fails to list other recreational activities and also fails to realize that river can be used in other ways. In order to bolster the argument, the author should say the percentage of those who ranked water activities as their favorite recreational activity. The argument should also list other recreational activities the residents like to take part in. Speaking of survey results, the author fails to mention how many residents participated in the survey, which could be detrimental to the validity of this survey. Also, we do not know how many Mason City residents there are or the demographics of those residents. Saying how many people participated in the survey may augment or may enfeeble the survey. The author states if the government spends more money to maintain the Mason River, the use for water sports will increase. However, the author fails to recognize that it is hard to quantify what “enough money” is. He or she also fails to take into account that location may impact the amount of recreational activity. If we are to believe the author’s argument, then more factors and research will be needed.
  21. Hi, i'm taking the GRE next week and I'm currently focusing on improving my essays. I just found out about the forum and I think it is and incredible way to improve and help others (I wish I had found out about it earlier..!). Any constructive critiques would be very appreciated! Sample Argument: In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river’s water and the river’s smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year’s budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. The argument that the city government should invest in riverside recreational facilities due to a sure increase in the use of the river for water sports is not entirely logically convincing since it ignores certain crucial assumptions. First, the argument assumes that the residents of Mason City don’t use extensively the river for recreational activities due to the poor quality and terrible smell of the river’s water, yet it does nothing to explain such assumptions. Could it be that the river is inadequate in terms of shape and depth for boats to safely navigate or simply that the river is home to several dangerous animal species such as alligators, bull sharks and snakes making it unsafe for swimmers? The argument might have been straightened by showing that the main reason why the river is not used for water sports is that it is in squalid conditions. Second, the argument assumes that the plans to clean up the river are more than a mere political promise that might never be carried out if the government in power changes meanwhile. The argument never addresses the extent to which the river will be cleaned and more importantly when it is scheduled to be cleaned. The argument could have been straightened by mentioning the exact procedure that is intended to be carried out and a guarantee that the river would be cleaned by a specific date. Finally, even if the river safe and adequate for water sports and that it is guaranteed that it will be cleaned appropriately by a specific date, the argument still depends on the assumption that the river will remain clean and odourless in the future. What if the river is cleaned but the source of pollution remains? It would be a question of time before it would become dirty again and its usage for watersports will wane slowly back to its original level. The argument could be strengthened by saying that the river’s water quality would be regularly verified to assured that it is clean and odourless. Thus, the argument is not completely sound. The conclusion that it would be appropriate to invest in river side facilities because plans to clean the river will unquestionably result in an increase of its usage for watersports in is supported by very little evidence and relies on many unaddressed assumptions.
  22. Please Rate my argument essay...im taking GRe in another 15days...and i really need a feedback about my AWA section.. Argument Essay- The following appeared as an editorial in the local newspaper of Dalton. “When the neighboring town of Williamsville adopted a curfew four months ago that made it illegal for persons under the age of 18 to loiter or idle in public places after 10pm, youth crimes in Williamsville dropped by 27% during curfew hours. In Williamsville’s town square, the area where its citizens were once most outraged at the high crime rate, not a single crime has been reported since the curfew was introduced. Therefore, to help reduce its own rising crime rate, the town of Dalton should adopt the same kind of curfew. A curfew that keeps young people at home late at night will surely control juvenile delinquency and protect minors from becoming victims of crime.” The main idea that the author wants to establish in the prompt is that a curfew that keeps young people at home late at nights would alleviate the problem of juvenile delinquency. However this argument does not appear logically sound. One can find various loopholes and flaws in the argument after analyzing it from all perspectives. The mention by the author that crime rates in Williamsville dropped by 27% during curfew hours is undermined by his vague assumption that juvenile delinquents were likely to commit crimes only after 10pm. Crime rates might have dropped during curfew hours, but what about the crimes committed during day time?? Juvenile delinquents are equally likely to commit crimes during day time as are during the late hours. Furthermore ,the author fails to understand that adopting a curfew after 10pm would in fact increase the crime rates as it would provoke youths and give them more room to commit crimes during day time. Therefore the suggestion that Dalton should adopt a similar curfew is certainly not the right approach for reducing the crime rates. Nowhere in the editorial has there been a mention about the nature of crimes taking place. Crimes like theft, kidnapping , hit and run, which are most likely to take place during the late hours, would now be taking place during day time. The public in Williamsville would now be more vulnerable to such crimes during day time and hence would have to take extra alert and cautious measures all the time. Furthermore, the reasons for low crime rates during the curfew hours could be many such as-youths devoting more time to studies due to academic exams approaching, youths taking a liking towards indoor activities such as indoor games, television etc. All these reasons are substantial enough to contradict the authors claim that a curfew would certainly help in controlling juvenile delinquency. To sum up I feel that the conclusion made by the author reflects a narrow-minded viewpoint rather than a broad and balanced one. The argument is therefore neither well reasoned nor well supported.
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