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  1. Let me begin by introducing myself: I’m a sell-side analyst on Wall Street and partner at an investment bank, despite an academic background outside of finance (not uncommon on WS). I am far, far too old to do a PhD, but there is quite clearly a topic that demands research because it is exploited and misunderstood both by journalists and politicians of various political viewpoints despite rather clear understanding of the issue in finance (albeit significant confusion and disagreement in academic economics). The issue is namely the relevance of national assets both publicly and privately held to analyzing the sustainability and economic impact of public debt. While the Laffer curve is not taken seriously anymore except by the most partisan and biased people, concerns over debt sustainability have a central point in policymaking--to the point that Biden’s cabinet is fretting that “the pantry is going to be bare” when they take office, implying that too high public debt will limit the ability to produce more coronavirus-relief stimulus. The MMT response that debt can be created in infinity because of sovereign money printing abilities is not a cogent answer, since the experiences of many nations demonstrates that government debt DOES matter sometimes and will result in inflation during the right conditions. What those conditions are, how they come about, and how they can be quantified is shockingly glossed over by debt hawks, who often take a moralistic tone about debt (even academic economists--John Cochrane and Bryan Caplan, for instance). Meanwhile the dovish side, particularly the MMT crowd, simply dismiss a need to understand those conditions.There is a research opportunity here, and a very simple one: determine the conditions in which government debt produces inflation and establishing a limit to how much debt a country can manage. This is nothing new, and it is customarily measured via the debt-to-GDP ratio. However, any first-year analyst at a bank will tell you this is a bad measurement; specifically, it is mixing up stocks versus flows.While such a comparison is important to gauging debt serviceability in some instances, the much more important gauge for establishing the creditworthiness of an entity is always analyzing debt to assets. The debt:asset ratio question is central to all fundamental analysis in credit and equity markets, but it is almost unheard of on the very important question of the natoinal debt.Few researchers have tackled this issue. Elizabeth Holmquist and Susan McIntosh, when they were at the Federal Reserve, did a cursory study (FRB: FEDS Notes: U.S. Net Wealth in the Financial Accounts of the United States). To my knowledge, there has been little analysis of the issue since, yet it is a very simple and effective way to cut through the unproductive discourse on the left (“deficits don’t matter print forever”) and the right (“we’re going to be Zimbabwe soon”) with a rational, data-driven, and empirical assertion: America can have X amount of debt because it has Y amount of assets and we know from this analysis that when that ratio hits Z we get higher inflation. This is an obvious PhD topic, and if I were younger or in a position to get another PhD it is something I would pursue, as I think the power of this research to improve public policy AND public discourse in America is overwhelming. That is why I’m posting this here, in the hopes that someone sees this and is at the very least inspired to pursue this kind of reasoning if they don’t outright run with this idea entirely (which I very much hope someone will do).
  2. Hi everyone, Could someone rate and provide feedback on my issue essay? The topic is from the ETS issue pool. Educational institutions have a responsibility to dissuade students from pursuing fields of study in which they are unlikely to succeed. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. In the world of globalisation and amalgam of eclectic cultures, there are a lot of courses available in universities for the students to study. Needless to say, with freedom of choice to pursue these courses comes the limitation of whether one will be able to succeed to study and make a living out of it. Educational institutions should deter students from opting for courses in which they’re unlikely to succeed, because of factors pertaining to efforts and opportunity cost. A student’s diligence and efforts more or less determine the grades, and in a way how he’ll be succeeding in that field. Moreover, if the student decides to switch fields, or wishes to delve into a new unorthodox and challenging path, the chance of failure is relatively less as compared to someone who is frivolous and remiss. For instance, Chetan Bhagat, a renowned novelist, comes from an engineering and a management background, graduating from the top schools of India with stellar grades. His persistence in whatever field he wanted to get into led him to his pedestal of success. Though top Indian universities only focus on a major theme: IITs and IIMs emphasising on engineering and management respectively, if he had an opportunity to shift to a major apart from engineering, he would have a good chance at succeeding. Therefore, someone having bad grades would be a clear indication that it wouldn’t be prudent to allow him to change his field of study, since he won’t be able to put in the required efforts to make a difference. Even if the person has a good academic record, this shouldn’t be a reason for him to be allowed to change majors. The future is full of uncertainty, and establishing a good financial background at the earliest would help the person live a life without stress. The opportunity cost in the future associated with changing majors should be considered, since it could happen that the chances of succeeding in it are negligible. A good example would be the art of filming. For someone to major in Computer Science would be a wise call currently because of the abundance of job opportunities. However, if someone makes a decision to shift to filming, just because of the “coolness” factor, or maybe in an attempt to mimic his favourite director, it’s not going to be a good decision. The ratio of people succeeding in computer science and getting a good paying job to the total graduates far exceeds the ratio for filming. Thus, with a foresight of the future, if universities allow students to change into unorthodox majors, then it wouldn’t a solid economic foundation of the nation, since a lot of people living stressful lives would hamper the development of the country. Someone could say that one should always study things according to their call, because happiness and emotional stability is the most important thing. However, the importance of having a good financial stability far exceeds the requirements of satisfying emotions, since even if someone is unhappy, he or she can use the ability to spend money on things so that you can improve your life in different ways possible. Thus, this concludes that educational institutions shouldn’t allow students to take up fields of study in which they’re unlikely to succeed.
  3. Hi, would appreciate if someone could review and give me feedback on my GRE issue essay!! :) The prompt: Claim: Restaurants should be required to display nutritional information about the food they serve. Reason: This knowledge will help diners make healthy choices and reduce their risk of diet-related health problems. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. The Essay: As diet-related health issues continues to grow and diversify, it becomes increasingly critical for people to have knowledge of the nutritional contents in the food they eat. Places like grocery stores solve this problem by placing nutritional labels on practically all their products, but restaurants have yet to adopt the same concept. As a customer of a restaurant, besides a brief description of a dish on the menu, one would have no knowledge of what goes into making their meal. This becomes especially imperative in cases of allergies or other dietary restrictions such as vegetarianism or veganism. Additionally, the increasing prevalence of obesity and its diet-related health issues makes it crucial for people to have the information that they can use to make healthier choices. For these reasons, it should be a requirement of restaurants to display the nutritional information of all foods that they serve or have this information ready upon request. Food allergies are becoming increasingly popular and can often be life-threatening. Although most people are aware of the foods they’re allergic too, a common reason why people still suffer from allergy attacks, is because they are not aware that the allergen is present in the food they eat. Waiters and waitresses are required to inquire about any food allergies amongst their customers, however this information isn’t always passed along to the chef or they might not fully be aware of the presence of that food in every dish. These errors can often lead to life-threatening trips to the hospital and can be avoided by simply adding nutritional labels to the menu. These types of errors amongst restaurant staff is also critical in the case of other dietary restrictions such as vegetarianism and veganism. More people are starting to adopt lifestyle choices that restrict their diets in very different ways. Restaurant staff might not always be aware of all the different customizes someone might make to their diet. Personally, I have had an experience at a restaurant in which after telling the waiter I was vegan, I received food containing cheese because the waiter didn’t know that being vegan meant I couldn’t eat cheese. However, nutritional information doesn’t just contain the contents of the food we eat, but also the calorific count. We currently live in a society that has the highest obesity rates that we have ever seen. This leads to all sorts of diet-related health issues such as the infamous diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, etc. In order to combat this growing concern, people need to be given the information that will help them make healthier dietary choices. Although it might seem obvious what foods people should be eating or avoiding, even ordering a salad can be deceivingly unhealthy, containing an upwards of 1000 calories; approximately half one’s recommended daily intake. Often, restaurants add fattening products to their “healthier choices” to make them taste better sometimes making them unhealthier than the desserts. By providing the calorific information of each restaurant dish, customers will be able to make well-informed choices without the deception. One might present the argument that by providing the nutritional information of foods with high calorific contents, restaurants could be driving away their customers and thus reducing their income. Although this might be true, this isn’t necessarily a bad thing; as it might even encourage restaurants alter their dishes to become healthier and less calorific. Restaurants like “B. Good” and “Sweet green” even profit off the concept of publicizing the nutritional content of their food and marketing it as a healthy alternative. Additionally, the transparency creates more of a trusting relationship between the customer and the restaurant, causing customers to feel more comfortable knowing exactly what is in their food. Requiring restaurants to display the nutritional information of their food would benefit both the customer and the restaurant itself. It allows customers to have knowledge of the exact contents of their meals, which is critical in cases of food allergies and diverse dietary restrictions. It also allows them to make smarter, well-informed choices that will improve their overall heath and help reduce the risk of diet-related health issues. Restaurants can even benefit from the growing popularity of healthy food, and the increasing trust of their customers. Overall, these benefits are vast and make a convincing case to adopt this requirement in restaurants all over the nation.
  4. aghalawi

    GRE Issue Essay

    Hi I would really appreciate if someone could grade my GRE Issue Essay!! :))) The prompt is: Claim: Restaurants should be required to display nutritional information about the food they serve. Reason: This knowledge will help diners make healthy choices and reduce their risk of diet-related health problems. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which the claim is based. My essay: As diet-related health issues continues to grow and diversify, it becomes increasingly critical for people to have knowledge of the nutritional contents in the food they eat. Places like grocery stores solve this problem by placing nutritional labels on practically all their products, but restaurants have yet to adopt the same concept. As a customer of a restaurant, besides a brief description of a dish on the menu, one would have no knowledge of what goes into making their meal. This becomes especially imperative in cases of allergies or other dietary restrictions such as vegetarianism or veganism. Additionally, the increasing prevalence of obesity and its diet-related health issues makes it crucial for people to have the information that they can use to make healthier choices. For these reasons, it should be a requirement of restaurants to display the nutritional information of all foods that they serve or have this information ready upon request. Food allergies are becoming increasingly popular and can often be life-threatening. Although most people are aware of the foods they’re allergic too, a common reason why people still suffer from allergy attacks, is because they are not aware that the allergen is present in the food they eat. Waiters and waitresses are required to inquire about any food allergies amongst their customers, however this information isn’t always passed along to the chef or they might not fully be aware of the presence of that food in every dish. These errors can often lead to life-threatening trips to the hospital and can be avoided by simply adding nutritional labels to the menu. These types of errors amongst restaurant staff is also critical in the case of other dietary restrictions such as vegetarianism and veganism. More people are starting to adopt lifestyle choices that restrict their diets in very different ways. Restaurant staff might not always be aware of all the different customizes someone might make to their diet. Personally, I have had an experience at a restaurant in which after telling the waiter I was vegan, I received food containing cheese because the waiter didn’t know that being vegan meant I couldn’t eat cheese. However, nutritional information doesn’t just contain the contents of the food we eat, but also the calorific count. We currently live in a society that has the highest obesity rates that we have ever seen. This leads to all sorts of diet-related health issues such as the infamous diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, etc. In order to combat this growing concern, people need to be given the information that will help them make healthier dietary choices. Although it might seem obvious what foods people should be eating or avoiding, even ordering a salad can be deceivingly unhealthy, containing an upwards of 1000 calories; approximately half one’s recommended daily intake. Often, restaurants add fattening products to their “healthier choices” to make them taste better sometimes making them unhealthier than the desserts. By providing the calorific information of each restaurant dish, customers will be able to make well-informed choices without the deception. One might present the argument that by providing the nutritional information of foods with high calorific contents, restaurants could be driving away their customers and thus reducing their income. Although this might be true, this isn’t necessarily a bad thing; as it might even encourage restaurants alter their dishes to become healthier and less calorific. Restaurants like “B. Good” and “Sweet green” even profit off the concept of publicizing the nutritional content of their food and marketing it as a healthy alternative. Additionally, the transparency creates more of a trusting relationship between the customer and the restaurant, causing customers to feel more comfortable knowing exactly what is in their food. Requiring restaurants to display the nutritional information of their food would benefit both the customer and the restaurant itself. It allows customers to have knowledge of the exact contents of their meals, which is critical in cases of food allergies and diverse dietary restrictions. It also allows them to make smarter, well-informed choices that will improve their overall heath and help reduce the risk of diet-related health issues. Restaurants can even benefit from the growing popularity of healthy food, and the increasing trust of their customers. Overall, these benefits are vast and make a convincing case to adopt this requirement in restaurants all over the nation.
  5. Hello!! if anyone could give me feedback on this issue task essay it would be awesome. Thank you so much in advance. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Characteristics of a society: Culture, Religion, Political. Opinion: True but not totally. Reasons: Culture in the rural area of the country. Although it is true that many of a society’s characteristics can be evidenced by studying its major cities, leaving out minor cities or towns might produce a biased result originating a misconception. Some of the most important characteristics of a society are culture, religion and politics. And all three may vary greatly depending on the location of study. A society’s culture can be almost fully understood by studying the major cities since its were people from many parts of the country come together. The only problem is that when so many traditions get mixed, the original essence of culture is lost. People are so lost in a sea of traditions that no one holds a unique identity anymore. This can be evidenced in Colombia, Cali is one of its major cities and serves as home for people from all over the country and abroad. Some may argue that Cali displays the whole cultural spectrum of the country, but the truth is that Salsa is not the most important component of Colombian culture. One would have to travel to Salento or Manizales which are both small towns in order to pickup coffee from the fields or listen to traditional stories since Cali offers neither. Moreover, religion has been shifting greatly in the last few years. Globalization and access to information has made people more critic. This along with news that damage the catholic church reputation has created a wave of skepticism in major cities where studied people live. This is not the case for small towns and minor cities were the church influence might be far too great and people may not be as informed as in major cities. For instance, the religious point of view might be very different in Cali when compared to Buga which is a small town greatly known for its church which is said to hold a religious treasure from times past. Contrary to the statement, the political view of a country is not determined by the political view of the major cities. In Colombia people from the cities wished for a more socialist government which would concentrate its efforts on education and keeping the newly acquired peace. On the other hand, people from the countryside wished for a far right government which would attack rebel groups that constantly produce violence. Therefore, although major cities do hold a large number of people which can provide an idea of a society’s most important characteristics. It is unwise to leave towns and minor cities out of the picture, since it is thanks to the little details given by them that a society’s characteristics can be truly understood.
  6. Prompt: Universities should require students to take courses only within those fields they are interested in studying. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. My essay: To be successful university students should get involved in many different fields, instead of focusing only on fields those they are interested in studying. Many scientific subjects are not isolated from each other, however they are interrelated and some are fundamental to others. One of the most critical factors that determine whether someone will make some achievements in one field is that if he or she has enough basic knowledge of other relevant fields on which that field is built. Many scientific subjects such as computer science and physics require considerable knowledge of mathematics, and that is why each fresh year student in these fields is required to take lots of courses of calculous, linear algebra, statistics and so on. However many students studying these subjects find mathematics boring and difficult. If they were allowed to study only within their favorite fields they would definitely drop mathematical courses. Clearly then, the lack of necessary basis of mathematics would stop them from succeeding in their further studies. Nowadays, the competition in job market is becoming more and more drastic. Therefore, university students should arm themselves with comprehensive knowledge. That means students might need to extend the diversity and range of their knowledge. By taking courses from different subjects students could gain some inspiration and improve their creativity. They might even find their new interest when taking courses of fields they thought they were nor good at or interested in at all. If universities required students to study only within fields in which they are interested chances are that they might lose so many opportunities to discover themselves and their potential capabilities. On the other hand, implementing this policy might benefit some students: they can dedicate all of their time to what they enjoy doing instead of wasting a lot of time on some courses they are not good at. Thus, they may achieve more than before. To sum up, university students are encouraged to take different courses from fields outside their interests. By doing this they can expand the range of their knowledge and be more successful in their career.
  7. 1. Issue - A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college. Education is very important factor in the development of child and it is very important to provide a good education to all the children in the nation for the growth of nation and the betterment of the world. Throughout the years, many have argued for a same national curriculum for all the students in a nation while others argued for a different curriculum as per school requirements. However, a curriculum covering all the topics, if made same throughout the nation will serve as a good standard to provide education and it will also be easy to compare abilities of students. Currently, there is a huge gap among rich and poor children in matters of education provided to them. Few poor children who cannot bear the cost of education are forced to study in some low budget school which does not cover all the subjects to be taught to a child, while those who are rich send their children to a high budget school which provides a vast number of subjects by explaining them in detail. Primary Education is very important for the growth of a child and this step will reduce the differences among the education provided to rich and the poor to a great extent. Secondly, it will serve as a common standard for all the students and hence, it will be easy to judge ability of a person based on his primary education which is needed mostly in interviews and college registrations. Many companies have a minimum cut off marks for a student to enter in the company's interview. If a student has opted for some other curriculum where marking scheme is very strict or the course is very tough, he/she would have scored few marks in the school, giving a bad representation about the person to the interviewer. Hence, a common syllabus with same level of difficulty and same marking schemes is very important to judge a person's education in an easy way. Some people can argue that students with different interests would likely want a different curriculum but since a national curriculum is applied throughout the nation, it will cover all the major subjects which are important for a student for his/her primary education. Finally, a national curriculum will not only serve as a common standard but will also contribute greatly in eliminating the differences in the education rovded among the rich and poor 2. Argument - The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. "Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station's coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to our news programs and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should expand our coverage of weather and local news on all our news programs." Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted. The argument about restoring the time devoted to weather and local news due to complaints regarding station's coverage of local and weather news and decline in the number of advertising contracts and at first seems to be convincing, but when examined with a closed scrutiny lacks certain key evidences which would have bolstered the argument of the Business Manager. Firstly, most of the viewers complained regarding the station's coverage of local and weather news but this does not completely indicate that the station needs to increase the time devoted to these programs. Some viewers might have complained regarding the content provided in weather and local news; they might not be satisfied with it or did not like the presentation or consider it not genuine or any other case. In such a case, the shift goes from quantity to quality, ie , it means that the program must provide a bettter content in a simplified and fluent way. But since the argument never mentioned anything about the details of complaints, it is very difficult to say whether viewers are not satisfied with the content or the time alloted to such programs. Secondly, many advertising contracts have been cancelled for the late night news programs. But what were these late night news programs. They could have been Local news or National news, but the argument never mentioned exactly about these late night news programs. Hence, it is not appropriate to make any judgement based on this evidence. Also, there could be many reasons for local businesses to cancel the contract. The argument did not mention a single reason as to why the contract has been cancelled. Those businesses might like to invest their money in a different news company which they consider more profitable. The argument must provide a clear evidence regarding what the late night news programs are and it must dig deeper to find a reason why the contract was cancelled. It is very important to consider all factors before coming to any conclusion. Thus, the argument must consider the points mentioned above before it increases the time alloted to local and weather news in order to be profitable. Kindly review both of these if possible. I am giving GRE within 1 week, so I need to focus on my weaknesses in AWA.
  8. trentini

    GRE Issue Task

    Hi everyone, This is my first post and I am self studying to the GRE. Could you please provide feedbacks about my issue task below? Thanks a lot! :encouragement: My Essay: Students shouldn’t be motivated into seeking knowledge by educational institutions alone and face this as true a matter of self-discipline. Often times there is no straightforward method to galvanize students into learnability and these institutions cannot establish substantial bespoke programs aiming to fit the learning styles of each individual, thus delegating, on a first instance, the responsibility and willingness to acquire new skills to the students regardless of motivation. This occurs primarily because one cannot acknowledge what another is expecting: schools - albeit possessing strong academic resources such as personnel and data - are not intended to expound issues, rather serve as a the kindling from which students will inflame curiosity. In this case, homework is a strong supporting tool helping students blaster their knowledge. Nevertheless choosing to accomplish the tasks at home is in itself a matter of discipline. Proactively investigating how things function is a bonus. Additionally, not all learning possibilities is available by schools or colleges. Interests vary drastically even when juxtaposing students with equally powerful GPAs, let alone personalities: artful people and those inclined to exact sciences might have the same theoretical motivation at school to accomplish the ordinary - and usually mundane - tasks to achieve the expected result: good grades. Seeking beyond an institution’s domain is ultimately a personal journey that commonly involves asceticism: less hours playing outside or clubbing. Exorbitant assumptions are often made in terms of an ideal motivator to make students thrive into learning, but the copious amount of specious statements are more prone to blur the facts: anyone seeking to deepen knowledge must, as the primary source of motivation, have discipline to grasp knowledge as one finds more convenient, regardless of what an institution is offering in content or extent.
  9. Hi, Please critique this essay. I am in urgent need of help for AWA. I don't get many ideas always get stuck on one or two. Please suggest me a way to fix this problem. Also, please suggest how do I increase the length of my essays. Topic: The real talent of a popular musician cannot accurately be assessed until the musician has been dead for several generations, so that his or her fame does not interfere with honest assessment. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Response: An honest assessment of any artist is very necessary in order to get a true sense of the quality of his work. But saying that an honest assessment of a musician can not be performed till he has been dead for several generations is fallacious. There are numerous musicians who were popular when they were alive and still are counted among the best. Take the example of Mozart, No one can deny his popularity when he was alive. But today also, prospective musicians worship him as their idol. His classical symphonies are still played and considered to be the culmination of musical genius. Another example can be taken of Beethoven, the effect whose symphonies and the sonatas has not reduced with time. A musician gets his fame only when he produces quality music. Thus an accurate analysis can be done even when the musician is alive. Sometimes people tend to estimate the talent of a musician based on his one or two works which made him famous. A great example of this is Psy, who became famous with his song titled "Gangnam style". People started calling him a great musician based on just a single work. In the end, I would like to state that an honest assessment can be performed even when the musician is alive. We have had numerous musicians who were considered great when they were alive and are still counted as one of the best. Thanks :)
  10. Hi everyone, I recently discovered this forum and I was so puzzled how I went through most of my preparation without it... I have started to practise essays a month before my exam, please find below on I wrote recently. I am looking for another persons opinion on grading my essay: Topic: Governments should place few, if any, restrictions on scientific research and development. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The statement that governments should limit the scientific research and development by imposing restrictions is a widely discussed and controversial topic with the advent of technology in the 20 century. On one hand limiting research in specific areas can prove to decrease the amount of scientific innovations. Considering the intricate and complex harmony in which science is developed this can affect seemingly adjacent areas. However, limitations can also be beneficial as technological breakthroughs can seldom provide more problems to humanity. Some of the most appreciated technologies might have not been discovered if certain limits were placed on scientific research and innovation. Nevertheless, it is more beneficial to science and humanity that certain limits are imposed. Innovation in science can take many forms - it can come from a discovery of a new mathematical formulation all the way to the development of a water channel to ease transport. The reason for this is that it is a very intricate network of discrete events each contributing to the discovery of another. These unforgeable events can sometimes lead to major scientific innovations in different fields of research and industries. The research in space exploration has always been controversial due to the high risk for the loss of human life or the exorbitant costs associated with construction and atmospheric launch. However, if limitations were imposed on the mid 20 century space exploration then all the innovations and discoveries would not have taken place. The result would be that the new technology would have never entered the commercial aircraft market and the most common method of transport associated with today's age, the aircraft, would not have been able to transform the world towards the greater good. On the other hand, considering that if science and innovation are left unchecked it might cause a greater problem. The speed with which technology is progressing means that in the very near future with the improvements in 3D printing technology it will be possible to synthesise proteins. It is feared by governments that if this was to become a widely accessible technology then everyone would be able to create viruses and diseases with the clicks of a few buttons. Furthermore, with the creation of the nuclear technology in the mid 20 century a new type of weapon with execrable disastrous power was made possible. The notorious power of the nuclear bomb is the most famous example of a technology developed to better the life of people that can be used in a completely opposite and destructive way. Therefore, numerous governmental control bodies exist that monitor how nuclear and biological technologies are developed and imposes limits where it considers it appropriate. It can be seen that even though this is making research more difficult it is still increasing exponentially. Proving that if the restrictions are reasonable than dangerous exploitation of technology can be avoided and the scientific progress can avoid being halted. In conclusion, it can be seen that imposing limitations of scientific research and development would not create problems if it is done with reason. It is therefore considered reasonable that a governmental body with world experts in charge can determine the most optimal way that innovations of a certain technology are limited to provide the best scientific progress and avoid dangerous circumstanced to humanity.
  11. Hey all! I'ave written this respose to an issue essay on the topic:-" The best way for a society to prepare its young people for leadership in government,industry, or other fields is by instilling in them a sense of cooperation, not competition." here's the essay- According to author's point of view the only way of engendering new and excelling leaders from the society is by instilling them with the quality of cooperarion rather than competition. But according to my perspective not only coperation but also competitive spirit is necessary for an individual to become an effective leader. If we turn the pages of history to have glimpse of the world renowned and effective leaders of all times we come across various names including Mahatma Gandhi,who faught for a noble cause and other's like Hitler and Chengis khan,and additionally being indian in origin, one important name that comes flashing on any news channel , every single hour Prime Minister Narendra Modi.All these leaders prove to be paragons when it comes to "LEADERSHIP". Firstly, taking the example of one of the most eminent leader of all times Mahatma Gandhi who was renowned for his adherence to "Ahimsa" yet he fought for the freedom of our country.Yes,the example does comply with the author's statement that Coperation is necessary , but had there been no competitive spirit ,would it ever be possible for the leader like of his to win the freedom from the British goverment. According to my views, it was his this spirit which empowered thousands of his followers,instigated them to fight against the british goverment, Coperative among themselves yet competitive with the opponent. Secondly, I believe our history, be it world or Indian,is overwhelmed with the paragons when it comes to leadership. Two most eminent rather tyrannical leaders of all times Hitler and Chenghis Khan , merely mentioning of their names leaves to sign of cooperation .For them there existed only two options whether it is their wish or no wish. Although there's was a reign of absolute monarch and yet they gained substantial number of followers , to fight aginst their opponents.Therefore it vividly proves that cooperation can not alone serve as a disposition for anyone to be leader. Thirdly, In order to prove the point in terms of what people can percieve at present rather that peeking into the past , is the example of Hon'ble Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He with his absolute mandate in parliamentary elections of Indian polity 2014 ,proved how indespensible are both the traits "cooperation" and "competition" for being an efficacious leader. He fought his opponents with an absolute competetive spirit which other wise would have been inconceivable if he didn't have one.Thus proved out to be an epitome of leadership. To sum up, I'd say that, Competing with the opponent and cooperating with your supporters is the major ingredient of any leader. Leader with only cooperative spirit would be like flower with out fragrance , because ultimately it is the fragrance of the flower which makes it suitable enough to be refined and converted into a scented perfume to serve thousands of people , looks though will attract the followers but smells is what which ultimately causes them to keep lingering around.
  12. Hello everyone, I have been practicing some GRE tests for several days, and I would need some feedback so as to realize if I have made some progress (or not). I took a mock GRE exam yesterday with the following issue "Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and to disobey and resist unjust laws." I would be really grateful if someone could have a look at what I wrote on the subject. Best, Charles While many protest mouvements have pushed people to get to the street in the last decade, one can observe that people’s capacity of revolting against unfair laws is still (at?) the foundation of democracy. Laws and regimes can change many times, evolve every year, but what is fair abides by superior principles that stay quite the same as the years go by. It leads us to ask the question of people’s responsibility to distinguish between lawful and fair laws, as the given claim clearly assumes there is a difference between these two notions, and I totally agree with this necessary discrepancy. When observing the amelioration of people’s rights in France after the French revolution, it is obvious that this responsibility is at the heart of our modern developed societies. I think that Every law-abiding citizen should be aware, and endlessly endeavor to understand the laws and to make out what is fair from what is simply lawful (and could change in some time). It is for example a principle in France’s judiciary system : « One should not ignore the law. ». This principle gives responsibility to the people as they do not have the right to hide behind their ignorance when committing an infraction. Besides, this responsibility can even turn into a duty when times get darker, when one has to defend its rights, what he considers to be fair and that a regime or a law prevents him from being free to do. During French Occupation, some people realized they were responsible for defending their freedom and resisted this terrible regime. They even had to put their lives at risk so as to defend their basic rights. However, one should not consider this responsibility as a gift : it has to be smartly used, by well-taught citizens. Otherwise, protests become habits and every future revendication looks like some spoiled children’s demand. Using this right too much, when it is not necessary, can make the revendications lose their meaning. It also has to be used the right way, as using violence is definitely not always the answer : one can witness the hell-like situation going on in Syria at the moment. To conclude, I think it is necessary that every citizen be aware of this responsibility he or she gets when living in one of our modern developed society. However, one should not take this right for granted, always defend it when threatened, and use it the right way to as to be sure it keeps the same meaning.
  13. Thank you for taking a look at my two essays.! Issue- "Technology, while apparently aimed to simplify our lives, only makes our lives more complicated.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position." Communication is a large part of how humans interact with each other. Relationships are formed through conversation and understanding of two individuals. However, how do two friends continue that relationship as the fork in the road leads to the companions leading lives elsewhere in the world? There have been techonological advances in devices such as the telephone where simple communication can be achieved when two friends are miles apart. Techonology has hit it's head on the nail where it has aimed to make our lives much more simpler. The days have past where the pony express had to deliver mail to and fro from two people. Information moved at a snails pace through a mailman on a stallion at that time. Urgent news could be days away compared to a quick dial of a phone number leading to immediate satisfaction. The revalation that is the telephone has made lives easier in all walks of life. Another way that technology has simplified lives is the ability to become organized through our cellular phones. A singular device that fits in your pocket has the ability to do numerous tasks. Imagine an office desk; what does it comprise of? A few things would be a computer, access to the internet, a telephone, and many other sationary needs. The advances in technology has given the ability of a cell phone to be an office desk in the palm of your hands. Almost anything and everything one can task themselves with at their cubicle, they could do on a bus. The ability to do so has caused whole companies to move onto cellular phones. An example would be a taxi application called Uber. One could hail a personal taxi to their very position because of the global positioning system inside their phone. That taxi can take you wherver you'd like and payment is easy, again, right through the phone application. A complete business is run on a cellular phone and because of this, lives are made simpler not having to worry about transportation. Although technology has made insane movements to make lives easier, there are possible repercussions. Let's take the cellular phone again as an example. There have been reports stating that cellphones have caused the young adult generation to become anti-social; hiding behind their bright handheld screens keeping themselves away from human contact in public. Before cellphones were able to pull videos and articles to read through the air, people were reading books and newspapers in the same situations. Communication in public settings is not completely necessary. That video or news article can be educational to that person learning from it. Remember that information is as quick to surface as it arises. Now I remember that many parents always teach that talking to strangers is something that is not pivitol. So, that cellular phone does not make our lives anymore complicated because it is enlightening the users through the applications that it's able to perform. Technology has revolutionized the way that lives are lived. It is something that will continue to evolve as time moves on. There are technologies being developed to correct the human desolation of the earth. A problem that has been developed as a result to technology. However, because of increasing new technologies we are able to right our wrongs and learn from our mistakes, thus leading us to live simpler lives. Argument - "SuperCorp recently moved its headquarters to Corporateville. The recent surge in the number of homeowners in Corporateville proves that Corporateville is a superior place to live than Middlesburg, the home of SuperCorp's current headquarters. Moreover, Middleburg is a predominately urban area and according to an employee survey, SuperCorp has determined that its workers prefer to live in an area that is not urban. Finally, Corporateville has lower taxes than Middlesburg, making it not only a safer place to work but also a cheaper one. Therefore, Supercorp clearly made the best decision. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. SuperCorp's move to Corporateville has proved to be a better choice compared to Middlesburg in the eyes of the SuperCorp heads. As stated, the homeowners in Corporatevill state its superior. The people saying that Corporateville is a better place are the people already living in it. Just as anyone who is asked about their hometown will speak highly about it. Pride in cities are seen especially when asked about living situation or likeability. SuperCorp being a super corperation is a possible high income, white collared company. Employees that are taking a part in the survey would perfer a nicer neighborhood than to an urbanized area. The apple doesn't fall too far from the tree in this statement. If someone's income is high, they will want to use that money to treat themselves to a better and safer life for them and their family. Being that the survey is only for the employees, only those that work at SuperCorp are able to respond to it. The employees working at a super corperation will be making a pretty penny when it comes to their position at SuperCorp. Therefore Corporateville will be favored over Middleburg. The names of these cities provides implications of status. Employees at SuperCorp will be happy to say that they are not of middle class, and are members of the one percents. These people would desire a city name, Corporateville, that reflects their status. Therefore, the employee survey issued to the high money making workers will provide answers stating that the move from Middlesburg to Corporateville will be favored. Assuming that a profitable company leaves an area, and moves to another, taxes are sure to rise wherever it goes. Because the higher the population in a city will allow the rise in maintinence and property taxes to deal with the influx of people. With this, it will be a sad day when said employees who have wanted to save money see that taxes rise because of their large successful company moving so an area where they have brought income to the area.
  14. Hello Everyone, Can someone please review my analytical issue essay. I am writing it for first time and have my GRE exam scheduled for next week. I would really appreciate if someone can let me know the areas of improvement. Topic : Sports stars and movie stars have an obligation to behave as role models for young people who look up to them. In return for millions of dollars that they are paid, we should except them to fulfil this societal responsibility. The issue of sports stars and movie starts being the role model and idols is a conspicous; and is also subjected to diffirent opition. Mass venerate the stars and idolizes them; following many things stars do and don't. I believe more that stars it is the media that laud the stars. Like the brand ambassodors of the advertising companies are some exalt stars. Young people follow what they like; and many a times they exonerate their actions by saying they did what their role model did. But is the role model really resopndible to the person's action? Role Model is not only someone to be followed but the role model also correct the mistakes when done. If stars are considered as role models; there is not communication between both and so how is the other person reponsible to one's behaviour or action. Todays young generation is smart and has the scrupulous ability to determine their actions. Stars as paid for their work. Sports stars undergo regerous training to maintain their standards and to be on top that bring value to the country; movie stars act day and night to finish their project; which contributes to the entertainment segment. Other than the stars there are many enterprenuers; business tycoons who earn millions of dollars; so even become reponsible for acting as the role model for young genreations. Then why only stars have the obligation to be fulfilied. It not reponsiblity of everyone one to guide the young generation; Stars can communicate to the mass; but expecting only one person to fulfill the duty is not justifiable. Thank you for you feedback.
  15. Hi Everyone, I wrote this essay within the 30-minute time limit. It would be really great if you could read it and let me know how you think. Is it too short? Do you feel my reasoning is logical and convincing? Any grammar and sentence structure problems? Or just anything you think about. Thank you in advance for your help! ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "No field of study can advance significantly unless it incorporates knowledge and experience from outside that field. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. " --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Interdisciplinary study has drawn more and more attention in today's academic research and practice. I agree with the statement that thinking out of box and learning from other field is critical. First of all, in the social science field, it is indispensable to be aware of the knowledge and experience from other disciplines because virtually everything is socially interrelated. For example, a basic assumption in economics is that every individual is self-interested and only does things that advance their own benefit. However, in the real world, people do make sacrifice for others based on their own believes or callings they find in life. In this circumstance, economic research needs to borrow some concepts from sociology that how social context impacts people's behavior and some statistical techniques to accommodate the situations that don't necessarily satisfy the assumption. Therefore, the complicated subject of social science field --- human, requires different methodologies and perspectives from more than one field. People might argue that at least in science field, scientists do not need to spend much time learning knowledge of other fields since scientific questions are always very specific. Considering material science, where a researcher wants to improve the durability of a battery, s/he just needs to focus on testing different materials and controlling for conditions in order to find a material that maximizes the longevity of the battery. In this case, knowledge about the nature of different materials is enough for his/her experiment. Likewise, a programmer who wants to develop a software program just needs to bear in mind how to translate the ideas to the programming code. In these circumstances, there is no need for them to acquire more knowledge beyond their own fields. However, we are living in an era that places ever-increasing emphasis on fresh ideas and creative thinking. Incorporating knowledge and experience from outside a field is the essential way to broaden people's mind and apply useful thoughts to one's own field. Wearable device is a perfect combination of communication technology, fashion design, and material science. Firstly, bendable material is the foundation for the wearable device, including bendable screen and battery. Then, people need to be willing to wear those device, which requires for the contribution from fashion designers. Last but not least, wearable device still needs to be functional, and communication technology experts are the essential on that front. All people involving in the design of wearable device ought to know each other’s work , otherwise those components wouldn’t be able to piece together. As the development of human needs and human imagination, no one single field can fulfil those ideas without the help of people in other areas. In conclusion, though in some field people seem to work by themselves and make important breakthroughs, interdisciplinary study really shed light upon how to integrate various ideas in order to general
  16. In any field of inquiry, the beginner is more likely than the expert to make important contributions. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************** Experts in a particular field are highly skilled, experienced and have systematic approaches, nonetheless unlike beginners, they lack unpredictability in their methods and may fail to think in a wide range which are essential in making any major discovery. Thus, in any field of inquiry, a beginner with enthusiasm and devotion can make crucial progress than a pundit in that field. It may seem an expert in a particular field with particular knowledge and experience can do more convincing inquiry than a dilettante in that particular field. But a beginner with lack of expertise may use unpredictable method of inquiry and get tremendous success. For example, many scientific discoveries that greatly shapes human culture, society, technology – as we know of today--are made by just mere accident. When lightening stroke causes fire in dry leafs, ancient human learnt how to use and manipulate fire. Moreover, vitamin-C found in lemon can be used to treat a disease known as “scurvy “: discovered by sailors in ships when they began to use lemon in their appetite. Even in modern era the famous physist Newton came up with his groundbreaking “Gravitational Theory” by merely observing an apple that fell from a tree. In field of archeology many expedition sites are discovered by apprentice archaeologists. Penicillin was discovered by Flemming just by happy chance. Thus, beginner can greatly contribute in their respective fields. Experts are highly experienced and have more systematic approach in dealing with a particular field; this may also lead them to become more stereotype. On the hand, fledglings can be more flexible in their thinking and their method can be peculiar to some of us but they can be highly effective. In other words beginners are more likely to think ‘out of the box’ than an expert. This free thinking ability can lead to more prolific and significant contribution in a particular field. For example, while military experts could not break the so called Enigma Code, an idiosyncratic scientist Alan Turing deciphered it successfully. Hence, these ardent beginners play an important role in exploring new phenomena in a particular field. It cannot be denied that expert personnel are more experienced, highly skilled and have more organized working methods that may lead to new discoveries and improvement that can help human society, culture, technology etc. Experts may even come up with a groundbreaking theory by using their methods. In the end, it can be said that both experts and beginners can make important contributions in their respective field of inquiry. However since beginners with their enthusiasm, unpredictable method and ‘out of the box’ thinking are more likely to come up with successful results. The challenge is to figure out how a beginner approaches and his/her devotion to the field of inquiry.
  17. Universities should require students to take courses only within those fields they are interested in studying. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. Students who enter university are usually at a young age and possess high levels of curiosity in learning. Allowing such students to take the courses within the fields they are interested in studying is likely to encourage high levels of engagement in classes and assignments. This is because inherent motivation may be assumed within such students. As one is allowed to pursue his/her interest, the student is likely to take extraneous measures to perform in the courses. This allows a delightful atmosphere for teachers who would know students are learning to master concepts, rather than to merely pass a course. Cultivating one's interest from a young age by studying only relevant courses is also highly beneficial in allowing development of talent in that field. This is because of the sharp focus that results from such efforts. For example, a student determined to excel in Computer Science, who is allowed to take all the relevant courses in university, will have a higher chance at becoming a great software engineer. This is because he/she would have been afforded the time to build upon layers conceptual knowledge as well as practice. Thus, allowing students to take courses within the fields of interest cultivates talent in those particular areas and is highly useful in pursuing a future career in the field. However, if a student has been studying only a certain set of subjects, he/she would face difficulties interacting with people from other fields due to lack of understanding about their work. This is where taking courses only within those fields they are interested in studying is dangerous. As the world becomes more interconnected and requirements at the workplace dictate cross-functional collaboration, we need students who are well-rounded in their education. Hence, people who are educated in just their field of interest would not be successful in the modern environment where their specialized knowledge would be a handicap if they do not possess other relevant skills to interact with others. Besides being detrimental to their own career, the economy would also suffer as a result if entire generations of workers are unable to participate in it when shifts occur resulting in new times where current skill sets become obsolete. Moreover, few people know what their true interest is at a young age, as these are likely to evolve over time. Students who are exposed to a variety of subjects are likely to discover new interests which their current world view may not have been able to afford. For these students, studying only courses within those fields they are interested in is a precarious venture because a few semesters later, their interest may change entirely. As a result, possessing basic knowledge which they can leverage upon to pursue their evolving interests would be a better state. University students likely already possess such basic knowledge such as reading, writing, performing mathematical calculations and understanding scientific and humanities concepts. For anyone found lacking in these areas, they should be required to complete pre-requisite courses so that they not only can pivot their interests in the future, but also learn advanced material in desired fields more easily.
  18. Some people believe that government funding of the arts is necessary to ensure that the arts can flourish and be available to all people. Others believe that government funding of the arts threatens the integrity of the arts. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. Art has been the major critical part of the cultures from the beginning of very primitive societies, and it continued till today. If we look at the very first drawings on the big stones 10 thousand years old, and if we look at the drawings of modern painters we can see that there is very big similarities between these two, which are separated by huge amount of years - to create something beautiful. However, since years has passed number of things are different now than what it was used to be 10 thousands years ago. In today’s capitalist economy, money drives most of the thing and art is also part of this economy. For this reason, it is better that the governments fund the art, so in this money driven world the art would not fade away from our lives. First of all, like I mentioned earlier, in capitalist economy money, creativity and intelligence is the most powerful driving forces. And if we lack one of them we are not going to see any good result in the things we create. Just think about it, in todays advanced technology sky is the limit, and you can create whatever you can imagine. I think this is something amazing to have these kinds of tools. For example, by means of these technology photographers can shoot a photo or record a video of people skiing in big mountains, or producers can produce a music that the tones no one has ever heard before or movie makers can create something amazing that only exists in humans imagination and etc. This kind of technology needs money, and so, if supported by the government the artist can create things that were even unimaginable hundred years ago. Secondly, if government funds the art the more people will consider getting into this field as a future career. Today, compared to engineering or business departments art majors are not getting as much as pay. Since, people can not see good earning in this field they become reluctant to pursue a career in this field. For example, during my undergraduate year in University I knew a lot of people who were really interested in arts but choose to study something different in order to make a good living. By the time they graduated, they only engaged with arts as a hobby. Some were into short filmmaking, some playing guitar, some shooting photos, but none of them were serious about it since they did not see rewarding future in this field. If government supported funding for the arts, more people would be driven to this field, and this will only produce more beautiful art. Of course, some may argue that art should not be money driven or something based on money, it can hurt the integrity of art. They might be right to some extent but let’s do not forget that funding the art does not necessarily mean creating art based on money, or corrupting art with money. We can think of it as a means that facilitates the process of making art. Thus, funding the art will not only make it more beautiful and popular, but it will also make it a lot easier to be created if the funding used wisely and appropriately. In conclusion, despite the fact that funding the art by government is a little bit threat to the integrity of art, I think the art should be supported by the funds of government in today’s world because, if used wisely, funds will only contribute to arts by making it more attractive and dynamic. As I mentioned before, world change and things also change, may be a hundred year ago it would be inappropriate to fund the art by government, but today it is not definitely the same case, and who knows what future holds. It is not certain how the means of creating art will change, however, what is certain the art will be with us even hundred years from now. 665 Words
  19. Topic: A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college A uniform national curriculum in a country with high diversity in ethnics, language or nationality etc cannot be appreciated as learning levels, methods change for different students. Although a uniform national curriculum for students below college would bring easy assessment, grading policy for them but such a curriculum may not be a cent percent fit for any country as some exceptions have to be accounted such as physically or mentally challenged students, student's native language, age & learning capabilities. For example, a country like India where high diversity in ethnics, language is observed it does not makes sense to have a common literature curriculum for all. Also it would be a daunting task for students with disabilities following the same curriculum as they cannot pace up with normal students always. A uniform national curriculum would be good but considering the above exceptions there must be changes accordingly.
  20. Question: Educational institutions have a responsibility to dissuade students from pursuing fields of study in which they are unlikely to succeed. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Response: Proponents of modern education have touted the necessity to help children build their futures, apart from imparting skill and knowledge. However, a close examination of methods of education in various educational institutes reveal that the latter has been achieved, but the former is yet to be materialized. Thus educational institutions should strive diligently towards helping students to identify their successful fields. Today’s educational systems have done a commendable job in opening up students to different fields like science, philosophy, literature, arts etc. But mostly, students choose what they perceive as better and a field that can assure them of a good job with a decent remuneration. Very few have sought their passion. In today’s world of computers, students pursuing studies in the IT field have increased exponentially from those a few years ago. These concentrations have arisen due to their promising factors, but are these fields sought by the students with genuine interest? The consequences being job dissatisfaction, unsuccessful careers, frustration and guilt. Finally are we not compromising on the productivity of the nation? To avoid the consequences mentioned above, educational institutions have a very important role to play. Academic interests of a student of an institution may not be coherent with others. Whilst few have caliber in research, a few might be interested in teaching or engineering. Thus it becomes important to nurture students in those fields in which they could excel. Though it might sound like a colossal venture, these academic shades of differences would be more perspicacious through a small project, a group activity, a simple presentation by students or interacting with the students. Like the classroom session meant to enhance the knowledge of a student, an interactive session could probably dissuade a student from choosing the wrong field. Educational institutions, especially the ones which were established a few hundred years ago can significantly help students in this regard. These educational institutes have witnessed numerous failures in their past. They could use the lessons learnt from their past to guide students to a brighter future. Institutes like the Harvard University in the US, the Oxford University in UK had been set up way back in the sixteen hundreds and twelve hundreds respectively have enough experience to help students. Moreover, education nowadays are very costly. If a physics major student opts for several courses in biology then not only will it cost him more, but he will also take a longer time to graduate. He could be able to reduce his length of study in college by making the appropriate choices of courses and also graduate within a lower budget. If educational institutions are to encourage students to pursue studies in suitable fields, then the procedure for counselling the students should be flawless. If the system to understand the potential of a student is faulty, it would do more harm than good and could ruin the career of a student who otherwise might have been very successful. Some educational institutes could attempt to persuade students to take up certain fields which could help the institute financially. Therefore students should always take a second opinion before making the final decision. While now it may be clear that educational institutions have a significant role in dissuading students from pursuing unsuitable fields of study in which they are unlikely to succeed, it should also be apparent that the long term benefits would reward the efforts taken. Further, this simple step would help in the personal growth of the student and would be beneficial for the nation.
  21. "Important truths begin as outrageous, or at least uncomfortable, attacks upon the accepted wisdom of the time." The above statement considers the important truth as unacceptable to the existing wisdom and terms it as outrageous. It becomes important here to establish what the brand of important truth is. There are several findings that invite scorn from a large part of the intellectual society. The theories and experiments that defy the existing establishments always meet resistance. These truths are important as they bring about a change in the whole perspective and yes they seem somewhat offensive or outrageous. The earth is round was not wholly accepted and the person professing it was sometimes considered lunatic. The sun doesn't revolve round the Earth instead the earth revolves round the Sun (if seen from an inertial frame of reference). These were bold assertions until they were proved by their supporters. They did hit the respect of the accepted wisdom and seemed impossible. Such truth which brings about such swerving of beliefs/concepts is always difficult to assimilate to the general masses and sometimes intellectual coteries. The Illuminatis faced plenty criticism from the religious communities as they opposed their purported god theories by reasons. Such reasons are lambasted first, conjectured second and understood at last. There can be other truths which might be evenly important and face no obstacles at all. Such rare important truths do exist and as our society is progressing towards a more supine nature, these truths are gaining footfalls. A solution to the global warming might be a very important truth, it will initially face mild opposition but will surely sink in if proved to be a potential. A full-proof treatment of refractory diseases as cancer, AIDS etc. will invite lauds from all parts of the society lest after initial doubts. The efficacy of important truths may always be questioned but the eventually it is the significance of it that will remain. These truths are not restricted to experiments, proof, analogies and beliefs, they are widespread and their reactions diverse. In a poor country stricken by debts, which policy shall be framed to the eradication of it? How to tackle bilateral ties? How to resolve boundary conflicts? How to manage a stubborn neighbor? The solution to these problems is sometimes opposed to the general belief. People like Gandhi would profess conciliatory behavior and people like Hitler will adopt aggressive methods for the same problem. Both of these people were mavericks and their ideologies are pondered upon in classrooms of the best institutes. Mavericks always face both criticism and support, thus the important truth they flaunt always has resistance but the magnitude might be different. Truths if important and attacking the existing belief might be branded as offensive and unacceptable by many but there exists some important truths which are not always subject to such attacks. It is the essentiality of the truth which if understood at first-hand face less resistance. The treatment of cancer today holds much more vitality than the earth being round during the Pythagoras period. On the other hand important truths deserve these specious reactions as they must be established, with no stones unturned and the truth must hit the head of the nail to bring out the change in the inertia of our society.
  22. Hi All, I really need help with my issue essay skills- I got a 3.5 on my last GRE AWA section :upset: . Any feedback on this practice issue essay would be greatly appreciated!! "It is primarily through our identification with social groups that we define ourselves. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position." Ask a person to describe himself. His answer will most likely be that he is a member of “X” religious group, lives in “X” country, holds political views of “X” political group and engages in “X” activity. Often people define themselves based on their behaviors and beliefs and will associate with the social groups that they share those common behaviors and philosophies with. Therefore, people primarily define themselves based on the combination of social groups they belong to. One of the primary components of a person’s self concept is his daily activities and rituals. Religion is one of the facets of a person’s life that dictates his daily activities and behavior and therefore is relevant to his identity. Whether he is part of a Christian, Muslim, Buddhist or even an atheist group, by claiming he is a constituent, he subscribes to certain beliefs and practices and it is likely that these practices are a major part of his life. Therefore, for example, often times a Jewish person will define himself first and foremost as a “Jew” because the laws of Judaism pervade all aspects of a Jew’s life and therefore is highly pertinent to his identity. Additionally, people will frequently describe themselves as associating with a particular political group. For example, you will often hear people naming themselves “Conservative” or “a Liberal.” This is because a major part of a person’s identity is their worldview and societal beliefs. For instance, a person who says they are liberal is defining himself as someone who wants society to function with greater equality. One of the reasons someone will call themselves a part of a certain political group is that it is easier to define oneself as part of that group than to start listing all of his beliefs separately. While there are certainly differences between individuals in social groups and no group can truly define every nuance of a person (for example you may have a Christian democrat who also defines himself as a passionate dancer), the most precise and easy self-definition is achieved through identification with certain social groups.
  23. Hey, I would be obliged if you all could provide me feedback on the following issue task......i have my exam within a week and this opinion would give me useful feedback... Thank you ;) TOPIC : The best way for the society to prepare the young people of today for leadership positions in government, industry or other fields, is by instilling in them a sense of cooperation and not competition. The world of today is fast paced, with dynamic changes happening in seconds, well connected such that 21st century Earth is not a conglomerate of solitary islands anymore but an eclectic mix of more connected people from diffrent parts of the world. The youth of today has been placed with the responsibility of leading the future world which has already shown signs of deterioration both environmentally and socially too, therefore it would benefit if the youth today are nurtured with a sense of cooperation more than competition. We already know the prodigies of the youth are always hungry for more, they have the innate potential to stir up the people and take notice of their actions. When passing on the baton of leadership, it would benefit if the youth are more cooperative. Cooperation between countries has always lead to better assessment of problems, better governance, efficient technology exchange and has broken the barriers of information exchange both socially and culturally. Consider the unions like SAARC(South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) which is an alliance of the South Asian nations , and has till now some significat achievements. For example, scientists from India and Pakistan have joined hands together in realizing the hydroelectric potential in the mountainous state of Bhutan and have so far has led to the electrification of hundred villages in this rough terrain. Similarly the United Nations(UN) has succeedded through cooperation at the international level in averting wars at an international level, in resolving disputes by arbitration, disllowing human rights viloations in remote areas etc and have been rightly called as harbringers of peace. Certainly a competition based approach would lead to more infighting among countries, considering the reason behind the Gulf War in the late 20th century. Given that our planet is facing a severe dearth of natural resources like coal, water etc we all need to join hands to come up with feasible solutions,and share technology to tackle this inevitable problem at hand, and not compete about them. Similarly in the corporate side, if company leaders coorperate with each other in reducing their carbon footprint by sharing efficient technologies at a common platform, it would be a better place to live. Though we have to agree that a sense of competition always brings out the best in you, it is a kind of positive reinforcement which drives you to achieve your goal, but the competition should be directed with oneself and not with others. Considering the US-Russia Cold war where to achieve military and technological superiority, both countries competed fiercely with each other, though it did bolster the economy, augmented the resources, but there wer more deleterious effects than the benficial ones, as peace was non existent. In such times, a hand or two in cooperation will better serve the purpose. In conclusion it is important to say that young leaders of today have to be nurtured with a sense of cooperation, given there is a great deal of responsibility on their shoulders, which can be fulfilled with support from your peers and additionallly a sense of competition with oneself to drive you toward your destination.
  24. Issue: "Governments should offer a free university education to any student who has been admitted to a university but who cannot afford the tuition." A country's advancement can be measured by the percentage of educated people and their quality of education. Towards building a prosperous nation, the importance of education can not be stretched enough. So the recommendation on free university education is both tenable and necessary to implement. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights or ICESCR, is an International body which defines human rights on various fields. They have accepted education as a human right just like the right to have a social life. It is in the interest of the nation, hence of the government that it's population gets high quality education. Cost of education hindering that students progress is undesirable and marks that nations backwardness while all the developed nations trying to make education more accessible to their mass. Brazil, Argentina, Denmark, Norway, Scotland, Trukey and Germany for example, has made education free even in the university level. Capitalist countries like USA and UK also supports higher study students financially in different ways. It's not a wonder why they fall into the category of first world nations. It is arguable that the government spending on higher education can pull fund from other fields such as food or health, which are more important. However, it is through building a knowledge based developed nation, the government can fight the obstacles of those fields. The spending can not be said to be extraneous. A student passes more or less 12 years before being admitted into a college. It can be inferred that he is both interested and capable to pursue his higher studies. Financial hindrance obstructing his progress is not propitious for the nation. So, the claim of free education for students with financial difficulties is strongly supportable, as it does not conflict with national interests, rather helps the advancement of a nation and helps the student excel at his personal level.
  25. Here's my argument essay response of one of the mock test which I've been giving lately. Would be grateful if anyone could analyze it and provide some incisive feedback. :) The argument: Pirouettes Ballet School is the clear choice for any child. Of all the dance schools in Elmtown, Pirouettes has the most intensive program, and our teachers have danced in the most prestigious ballet companies all over the world. Many of our students have gone on to become professional dancers with top dance companies. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. My response: The given argument suggests that Pirouettes Ballet School is a pellucid choice for any child. To bolster this claim, the author provides certain factors thereafter. However, the author fails to provide us with adequate information about the claims cited. There are many assumptions which need to be mentioned or many questions which need to be answered in order to evaluate the given recommendation. In the initial part of the argument, the author mentions that Pirouettes have the most intensive program. However, the statement itself feels incomplete. Questions may arise in the readers mind: "What all are the aspects based on which the program is considered intensive?", "Is it due to the relentless training or practice sessions provided by the academy?", "Or is it due to the indefinite number of hours per day?". Ballet is a tedious form of dance which requires patience and a lot of focus. A program intensive in the terms of 'hours per day' will certainly render it ineffective. Further, the author alleges that their teachers have danced in the most well renowned ballet companies all over the world. Again, have all the teachers danced out there? And more importantly, were those teachers appreciated in those ballet companies? Answers to such questions will immensely help to evaluate whether the given claim is becomingly bolstering the recommendation or not. In the latter part of the passage, the author cites that most of their students have gone on to become professional dancers with top dance companies. In this statement too belies many questions that need to be answered. For instance, were those dancers already good dancers when they were admitted in the school? Did they have a body suitable for dancing? Also, most importantly, do they credit their success to Pirouettes Ballet School? There is a possibility that they joined some other school after Pirouettes Ballet School. Although the odds of this may seem less, it cannot be ignored. Such questions need to be addressed. Thus, exegesis of the given argument re surges many questions that ought to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable or not. Perhaps, a chart showing the statistical data of various aspects would have helped buttress the given recommendation.
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