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Thread: adverb clause confusion

  1. #1
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    adverb clause confusion

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    Hello everyone,

    I have this question please

    In 1987 a Canadian astronomer, Ian Shelton, spotted a supernova -------- looking at some photographs of the stars.

    A- was
    B- during
    C- as if
    D- while he was.

    I'm highly confused between choosing "during" , and " while he was". in the Grammar book. it's mentioned that " during" is a preposition that requires only a noun, noun phrase or a pronoun. Isn't " looking" a noun? because it has an -ing form. why we can't assume that the second clause is not reduced (reduced adverb clause)?.

    many thanks

  2. #2
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    1 out of 1 members found this post helpful. Good post? Yes | No
    Correct answer is D. In this sentence "looking" is part of verb phrase "was looking"- past continuous tense (was/were verb+ing). So, you have to have noun ("he") before that phrase.
    But for better understanding of grammar, you should divide this sentence in two simple sentence. "In 1987 a Canadian astronomer, Ian Shelton, spotted a supernova" while "he was looking at some photographs of the stars".
    And if you want to use "looking" as noun (verb+ing= gerund) you should have verb near it - but we do not have that option.

    Going to parties is fun. I enjoy reading.
    Gerund is subject Gerund is object

    I really hope that my explanation will be helpful!!!
    Good luck!!

  3. #3
    Trying to make mom and pop proud
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    Thanks a lot lilybass for your reply.

    it was very helpful.

    Best to you

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