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Thread: gmat sets #1 #4-6 antebellum

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    gmat sets #1 #4-6 antebellum

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    The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil
    War) political history and women’s his-
    tory use separate sources and focus
    Line on separate issues. Political histori-
    (5) ans, examining sources such as voting
    records, newspapers, and politicians’
    writings, focus on the emergence in the
    1840’s of a new “American political
    nation,” and since women were neither
    (10) voters nor politicians, they receive little
    discussion. Women’s historians, mean-
    while, have shown little interest in the
    subject of party politics, instead draw-
    ing on personal papers, legal records
    (15) such as wills, and records of female
    associations to illuminate women’s
    domestic lives, their moral reform
    activities, and the emergence of the
    woman’s rights movement.
    (20) However, most historians have
    underestimated the extent and signifi-
    cance of women’s political allegiance
    in the antebellum period. For example,
    in the presidential election campaigns
    (25) of the 1840’s, the Virginia Whig party
    strove to win the allegiance of Virginia’s
    women by inviting them to rallies and
    speeches. According to Whig propa-
    ganda, women who turned out at the
    (30) party’s rallies gathered information
    that enabled them to mold party-loyal
    families, reminded men of moral values
    that transcended party loyalty, and con-
    ferred moral standing on the party.
    (35) Virginia Democrats, in response,
    began to make similar appeals to
    women as well. By the mid-1850’s
    the inclusion of women in the rituals of
    party politics had become common-
    (40) place, and the ideology that justified
    such inclusion had been assimilated
    by the Democrats.
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Q4:
    The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to

    1. examine the tactics of antebellum political parties with regard to women
    2. trace the effect of politics on the emergence of the woman’s rights movement
    3. point out a deficiency in the study of a particular historical period
    4. discuss the ideologies of opposing antebellum political parties
    5. contrast the methodologies in two differing fields of historical inquiry


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Q5:
    According to the second paragraph of the passage (lines 20-42), Whig propaganda included the assertion that


    1. women should enjoy more political rights than they did
    2. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family
    3. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values
    4. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior
    5. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Q6:
    According to the passage, which of the following was true of Virginia Democrats in the mid-1850’s?

    1. They feared that their party was losing its strong moral foundation.
    2. They believed that the Whigs’ inclusion of women in party politics had led to the Whigs’ success in many elections.
    3. They created an ideology that justified the inclusion of women in party politics.
    4. They wanted to demonstrate that they were in support of the woman’s rights movement.
    5. They imitated the Whigs’ efforts to include women in the rituals of party politics.


    Official Answer
    SPOILER: A, E, E - I don't like A for #4

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    An Urch Guru Pundit Swami Sage
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    A
    E
    E

    -----
    Whew! Got them correct.

    I'll show you my reasoning for choosing A for the first one.

    The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to
    A examine the tactics of antebellum political parties with regard to women
    antebellum is mentioned several times in the passage and appears to be a very strong point in the passage, but let's read the other choices for something better
    B trace the effect of politics on the emergence of the woman’s rights movement
    this sounds too general of a statement to make as the passage never says anything about women's rights, eliminate
    C point out a deficiency in the study of a particular historical period
    no deficiency mentioned, eliminate for sure
    D discuss the ideologies of opposing antebellum political parties
    antebellum is discussed quite a bit in the passage however I'm not sure about what idealogies they are trying to speak of here, we can still leave this answer
    E contrast the methodologies in two differing fields of historical inquiry
    eliminate as I don't know what 2 fields they are talking about

    Between A and D, I would go with A because D has some ideologies that I don't know about from reading the passage.

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    An Urch Guru Pundit Swami Sage Da_Gr8_Mperor's Avatar
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    4.
    C Line 20, "However, most historians have underestimated...," read "deficiency."

    5.
    E Line 28-34, "According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party's rallies...conferred moral standing on the party."

    6.
    E Last sentence of passage.

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    a e e

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